Sources

Books

Abrams, G. J. (1977). That man. The story of Charles Revson. New York: Manor Books.

Allen, E. (Ed.). (1961). The book of beauty. London: George Newnes Ltd.

Allen, M. (1981). Selling dreams: Inside the beauty business. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.

Appell, L. (1982). Cosmetics, fragrances and flavors: Their formulation and preparation with an introduction to the physical aspects of odor and selected syntheses of aromatic chemicals. Whiting, NJ: Novox.

Ash, M., & Ash, I. (1977). A formulary of cosmetic preparations. New York: Chemical Publishing company.

Ashton, M. (2011). A compact history of face powder containers. Winchester: Mike Ashton.

Ayer, H. H. (1902). Harriet Hubbard Ayer’s book of health and beauty. New York: King-Richardson.

Balsam, M. S., & Sagarin, E. (Eds.). (1972). Cosmetics: Science and technology (2nd ed., Vols. 1-3). New York: Interscience Publishers, Inc.

Banford Academy of Hair and Beauty Culture. (1938). Theory and practice of scientific facial culture and muscle strapping. A textbook for the profession (Vol. 2). New York: Beauty Laboratories, Inc.

Basten, F. E. (1995). Max Factor’s Hollywood. Glamour, movies, make-up. Los Angeles: General Publishing Group.

Basten, F. E. (2008). Max Factor: The man who changed the faces of the world. New York: Arcade Publishing.

Benthien, C. (2003). Skin: On the cultural border between self and the world (T. Dunlap, Trans.). New York: Columbia University Press.

Blood, I. H. (1927). The cosmetiste: A handbook on cosmetology with special reference to the employment of electricity in the care of the hair, scalp, and face at the direction and under the supervision of W. M. Meyer (4th ed.). Chicago, Ill: The W. M. Meyer Co.

Blood, I. H. (1928). The cosmetiste: A handbook on cosmetology with special reference to the employment of electricity in the care of the hair, scalp, and face at the direction and under the supervision of W. M. Meyer (6th ed.). Chicago, Ill: The W. M. Meyer Co.

Blood, I. H. (1930). The cosmetiste: A handbook on cosmetology with special reference to the employment of electricity in the care of the hair, scalp, and face at the direction and under the supervision of W. M. Meyer (7th ed.). Chicago, Ill: The W. M. Meyer Co.

Blood, I. H. (1932). The cosmetiste: A handbook on cosmetology with special reference to the employment of electricity in the care of the hair, scalp, and face at the direction and under the supervision of W. M. Meyer (8th ed.). Chicago, Ill: The W. M. Meyer Co.

Blum, V. (2003). Flesh wounds: The culture of cosmetic surgery. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The book of recipes, formulae and processes containing three hundred and seventy-five selected scientific, chemical, and household recipes, formulae and processes for universal use. (1917). Melbourne: Modern Printing Co. Pty. Ltd.

Browning, E. H. (1898). Beauty Culture. London: Hutchinson & Co.

Bushby, R. (1947). Cosmetics and how to make them (3rd ed.). London: Pitman.

Butler, H. (Ed.). (2000). Poucher’s perfumes, cosmetics and soaps (10th ed.). London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Chalmers. H. (1925). The art of make-up, for the stage, the screen, and social use. New York: D. Appleton and Company.

Chemist and Druggist. (1956). Pharmaceutical formulas. Volume 2 (11th ed.). London: Author.

Chilson, F. (1934). Modern cosmetics. New York: Drug & Cosmetic Industry.

The compact Oxford English dictionary (2nd ed.). (1991). Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Connor, S. (2004). The book of skin. London: Reaktion Books.

Conroy, M. S. (2007). The cosmetics baron you’ve never heard of: E. Virgil and Tokalon Englewood, Co: Altus History.

Corson, R. (1972). Fashions in makeup: From ancient to modern times. London: Peter Owen.

De Castelbajac, K. (1995). The face of the century: 100 years of makeup style. London: Thames and Hudson.

deNavarre, M. G. (1941). The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics. Boston: D. Van Nostrand Company.

deNavarre, M. G. (1962-75). The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics (2nd ed., Vols. I-IV). Orlando: Continental Press.

Deite, C. (1892). A practical treatise on the manufacture of perfumery: Comprising directions for making all kinds of perfumes, sachet powders, fumigating materials, dentifrices, cosmetics, etc., etc., with a full account of the volatile oils, balsams, resins, and all other natural and artificial perfume-substances, including the manufacture of fruit ethers, and tests for their purity. (W. T. Brannt, Trans.). Philadelphia: Henry Carey Baird & Co.

Durvelle, J.-P. (1923). The preparation of perfumes and cosmetics. (E. J. Parry, Trans.). New York: D. Van Nostrand Company.

Emsley, J. (2006). Vanity, vitality and virility: The science behind the products you love to buy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Estée a success story. (1985). New York: Random House.

Foan, G. A., & Bari-Woolls, J. (Eds.). (1936). The art and craft of hairdressing: The standard and complete guide to the technique of modern hairdressing, manicure, massage and beauty culture (2nd ed.). London: New Era Publishing.

Foan, G. A., & Wolters, N. E. B. (Eds.). (1950). The art and craft of hairdressing: The standard and complete guide to the technique of modern hairdressing, manicure, massage and beauty culture (New ed.). London: New Era Publishing.

Foan, G. A., & Wolters, N. E. B. (Eds.). (1958). The art and craft of hairdressing: The standard and complete guide to the technique of modern hairdressing, manicure, massage and beauty culture (4th ed.). London: New Era Publishing.

Frazier, C. N., & Blank, I. H. (1954). A formulary for external therapy of the skin. Springfield, Ill: Charles C. Thomas.

Gallant, A. (1993). Principles and techniques for the beauty specialist (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: Stanley Thomas.

Gattefossé, R. M. (1959). Formulary of perfumes and cosmetics. (Trans.). New York: Chemical Publishing Co., Inc.

Gattefossé, R. M., & Jonquières, H. (1949). Technique of beauty products. (A.R.I.C., Trans.). London: Leonard Hill.

Gordon, J. (1934). Home beauty treatments solving every woman’s beauty problems. London: John Lane, The Bodley Head Ltd.

Grout, H. L. (2008). Beauty marks: The production, practice, and performance of femininity in France, 1880-1939. Ann Arbor, MI: Proquest.

Gunn, F. (1973). The artificial face: A history of cosmetics. London: David & Charles.

Hanckel, A. E. (1937). The beauty culture handbook: A modern textbook of beauty culture and hairdressing for beauty parlour assistants and ladies desirous of practising self-treatment. London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd.

Harry, R. G. (1944). Modern cosmeticology. (2nd ed.). London: Leonard Hill.

Harry, R. G. (1955). Modern cosmeticology. (4th ed.). London: Leonard Hill.

Harry, R. G. (1973). Harry’s cosmeticology. (6th ed.). London: Leonard Hill Books.

Harry, R. G. (1982). Harry’s cosmeticology. (7th ed.). London: Longmans.

Haskell, G. (1936). Chemicals and toilet preparation industry. London: Author. Reprinted 2010.

Hibbott, H. W. (Ed.). (1963). Handbook of cosmetic science. An introduction to principles and applications. New York: The MacMillan Company.

How to attain and retain beauty. (1935). London: Hazell, Watson & Viney.

Israel, L. (1985). Estée Lauder. Beyond the magic. London: Arlington Books.

Jellinek, J. S. (1970). Formulation and function of cosmetics (G. L. Fenton, Trans.). New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Jones, G. (2010). Beauty imagined: A history of the global beauty industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kallett, A., & Schlink, F. J. (1933). 1000,000,000 guinea pigs. Dangers in everyday foods, drugs, and cosmetics. New York: Vanguard Press.

Kay, G. (2005). Dying to be beautiful: The fight for safe cosmetics. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press.

Kehoe, V. J-R. (1969). The technique of film and television make-up for color and black and white. London: Focal Press.

Klarmann, E. G. (1962). Cosmetic chemistry for dermatologists. Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas.

Koller, T. (1920). Cosmetics: A handbook of the manufacture, employment, and testing of all cosmetic materials and cosmetic specialties (C. Salter, Trans.). London: Scott, Greenwood & Son.

Kovácks, R. (1935). Electrotherapy and light therapy (2nd ed.). London: Henry Kimpton.

Kovácks, R. (1949). A manual of physical therapy (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.

Lázár, C. (1937). Manual of cosmetics. London: Henry Kimpton.

Leeds, L., & Kaji, H. M. (1927). Beauty and health a practical handbook. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company.

Lewis, A. A., & Woodworth, C. (1973). Miss Elizabeth Arden an unretouched portrait. London: W. H. Allen.

Lloyd, E. (1923). The Marinello text book (5th ed.). Chicago: Marinello Company.

Macmullen, F. A. (1937). Practical science of beauty culture. New York: Hollywood Publishing Company.

Majer, M. (Ed.). (2012). Staging fashion, 1880-1920, Jane Hading, Lily Elsie, Billie Burke. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Majno, G. (1975). The healing hand: Man and wound in the ancient world. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Martin, M. (2009). Selling beauty: Cosmetics, commerce and French society, 1750-1830. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

McDonough, E. G. (1937). Truth about cosmetics. New York: The Drug and Cosmetics Industry.

McLaughlin, T. (1972). The gilded lily. London: Cassell & Co. Ltd.

Miller, F. E., Hunt, H. L., McCormick, F. L., Burr, B., & King, M. L. (1921). Domestic medical practice (4th ed.). Chicago: Domestic Medical Society.

Montagna, W., & Parakkal, P. (1974). The structure and function of skin (3rd ed.). New York: Academic Press.

Morfitt, C. (1847). Perfumery: Its manufacture and use with instructions in every branch of the art, and recipes for all fashionable preparations. The whole forming a valuable aid to the perfumer, druggist and soap manufacturer. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart.

Morris, H. (1946). Medical electricity for massage students (3rd ed.). London: J & A. Churchill Ltd.

O’Kelley, C. (1976). Merle Nethercutt Norman. An American success story. Merle Norman Cosmetics.

O’Higgins. P. (1971). Madame. An intimate biography of Helena Rubinstein. New York: Viking Press.

Peiss, K. (2007). Hope in a jar: The making of America’s beauty culture. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Perutz, K. (1970). Beyond the looking glass. Life in beauty culture. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Phillips, M. C. (1934). Skin deep. The truth about beauty aids. New York: Garden City Publishing.

Plitt, J. R. (2000). Martha Matilda Harper and the American dream. Syracuse University Press.

Pointer, S. (2005). The artifice of beauty: A history and practical guide to perfumes and cosmetics. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing.

Poucher, W. A. (1926). Eve’s beauty secrets. London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd.

Poucher, W. A. (1932). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps (4th ed., Vols. 1-2). London: Chapman & Hall Ltd.

Poucher, W. A. (1941). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps (5th ed., Vols. 1-2). New York: D. Van Nostrand Company.

Poucher, W. A. (1959). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps with special reference to synthetics (6th ed., Vols. 1-3). London: Chapman & Hall Ltd.

Poucher, W. A. (1974). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps (8th ed., Vols. 1-3). London: Chapman & Hall Ltd.

Redgrove, H. S. & Foan, G. A. (1930). Paint, powder and patches: A handbook of make-up for stage and carnival. London: William Heinemann.

Redgrove, H. S. (1931). The cream of beauty. London: Heinemann.

Redgrove, H. S., Foan, A. & Bari-Woollss, J. (1939). Hair-dyes and hair-dyeing chemistry and technique (Rev ed.). New York: Chemical Publishing Co., Inc.

Rimmel, E. (1855). The book of perfumes. London: Chapman and Hall.

Riordan, T. (2004). Inventing beauty: A history of innovations that have made us beautiful. New York: Broadway Books

Russell, E. H., & Russell, W. K. (1933). Ultra-violet radiation and actinotherapy (3rd ed.). Edinburgh: Riverside Press.

Rubinstein, H. (1930). The art of feminine beauty New York: Horace Liveright.

Rubinstein, H. (1936). This way to beauty. United States: Dodge Publishing Company.

Rubinstein, H. (1964). My life for beauty. Sydney: Bodley Head.

Sagarin, E. (Ed.). (1957). Cosmetics: Science and technology. New York: Interscience Publishers, Inc.

Schlossman, M. L. (Ed.). (2000-2009). The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics (3rd ed., Vols. I-IV). Carol Stream, Il: Allured Publishing Corporation.

The science of beautistry. Official textbook approved for use in all the national schools of cosmeticians affiliated with Marinello. (1932). New York: The National School of Cosmeticians, Inc.

Shuker, N. (2001). Elizabeth Arden: Beauty empire builder. Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch Press.

Smith, A., & Rockwood, R. (1935). Modern beauty culture. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Stabile, T. (1969). Cosmetics: Trick or treat? (3rd ed.). New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc.

Shuker, N. (1989). Elizabeth Arden cosmetics entrepreneur. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Silver Burdett Press.

Thomssen, B. S. (1947). Modern cosmetics (3rd ed.). New York: Drug & Cosmetic Industry.

Tobias, A. (1976). Fire and Ice: The story of Charles Revson—the man who built the Revlon empire. New York: William Morrow.

Toledano, R. B., & Coty, E. Z. (2009). François Coty. Fragrance, power, money. Gretna, Lou: Pelican Publishing Company.

Vail, G. (1947). A history of cosmetics in America. New York: The Toilet Goods Association.

Verni, M. (1946). Modern beauty culture (2nd ed.). London: New Era Publishing.

Wall, F. E. (1926). Canitics. The treatment of canities reduced to a science and elevated to an art. New York: Beautician Publications.

Wall, F. E. (1946). The principles and practice of beauty culture (2nd ed.). New York: Keystone Publications.

Wall, F. E. (1961). The principles and practice of beauty culture (4th ed.). New York: Keystone Publications.

Ward, E. (1937). A book of make-up. London: Samuel French Ltd.

Wells, F. V., & Lubowe, I. I. (1964). Cosmetics and the skin. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation.

Wilkinson J. B., & Moore, R. J. (Eds.). (1982). Harry’s cosmeticology (7th ed.). New York: Chemical Publishing.

Williams, D. F. (Ed.). (1992). Chemistry and technology of the cosmetics and toiletries industry (2nd ed.). London: Blackie Academic & Professional.

Williams, N. (1957). Powder and paint. A history of the Englishwoman’s toilet. Elizabeth I – Elizabeth II. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Williams, S., & Youngs, B. (2010). The Maybelline story and the spirited family dynasty behind it. Florida: Bettie Youngs Books Publishing.

Winter, F. (1932). Handbuch der gesamten parfümerie und kosmetik. Vienna: Julius Springer.

Winter, R. (2005). A Consumer’s dictionary of cosmetic ingredients (6th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press.

W. M. Meyer Co. (1936). The cosmetiste: A textbook on cosmetology with special reference to the employment of electricity in the care of the hair, scalp, face, and hands, also permanent waving and hair curling (9th ed.). Chicago, Ill: Author.

Woodhead, L. (2003). War paint: Elizabeth Arden and Helena Rubinstein: Their lives, their times, their rivalry. London: Virago.

Wykes-Joyce, M. (1961). Cosmetics and adornment: Ancient and contemporary usage. London: Peter Owen.

Wynne, J. R., & Levinger, I. D. (1995). NCA’s diamond jubilee years. Korea: National Cosmetology Association.


Updated: 22nd July 2014


Trade Journals

Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists. (1947-1997). Detroit, Mich.: The Society of Cosmetic Chemists.

The American perfumer & essential oil review. (1906-1955). New York: Robbins Perfumer Co. [etc.].

Beauty aids: A quarterly review of the British perfumery, cosmetic, hairdressing and allied trades. (1947-1949). London.

The drug and cosmetic industry. (1932-1997). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich [etc.].

The hairdresser and beauty trade. (1932-1950). London.

Journal of the American medical association. (1883-present). Chicago.

The manufacturing chemist. (1933-2012). London: Miller Freeman [etc.].

Manufacturing perfumer. (1936-1939). London: Leonard Hill.

The perfumery and essential oil record. (1910-1969). London: G. Street & Co., Ltd.

Soap & chemical specialties. (1954-1971). New York, N.Y.: MacNair-Dorland.

Soap, perfumery & cosmetics. (1935-1970). London: London Trade Press Ltd.

Yearbook of pharmacy: Comprising abstracts of papers relating to pharmacy, materia medica, and chemistry contributed to British and foreign journals. (1870-1927). London: J. & A. Churchill [etc.].

Material from the Hathi Trust

Belanger, E. J. (1941). Drugs and specialty formulas. A selected collection of tested, modern and practical formulas for medicinal, household, industrial, commercial, verterinary, cosmetic and food specialties. Brooklyn, NY: Chemical Publishing Co., Inc.

Cooley, A. J. (1866). The toilet and cosmetic arts in ancient and modern times with a review of the different theories of beauty and copious allied information social, hygienic, medical. New York: Burt Franklin.

Furlong, P. (1914). Beauty culture at home. A complete course in shampooing, facial and scalp massage, hair coloring, manicuring, chiropody, developing and reducing—also hundreds of reliable formulas for beauty preparations, including cold creams, skin bleaches, liquid and dry powders, rouges, depilatories for removing superfluous hair, shampoo mixture, hair tonics and restorers, curling fluids, bust developing, reducing, remedies for wrinkles, pimples, blackheads, freckles, liver spots, sunburn, eyes, mouth, hands, feet, exercises, diet and miscellaneous valuable hints—as taught at Paulette School. Washington: Author.

Harry, R. G. (1940). Modern cosmeticology. The principles and practices of modern cosmetics. Brooklyn, NY: Chemical Publishing Company.

Joslen, S. (1937). The way to beauty. A complete guide to loveliness. New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation.

Kellogg, J. H. (1895). The art of massage: Its physiological effects and therapeutic applications. Battle Creek, Michigan: Modern Medicine Publishing Company.

Livingstone, H., & Maroni. A. (1945). Everyday beauty culture. Bloomington, Ill: McKnight & McKnight.

Lillee, C. (1822). The British perfumer: Being a collection of choice receipts and observations made during an extensive practice of thirty years, by which any lady or gentleman may prepare their own articles of the best quality, whether of perfumery, snuffs, or colours (2nd ed., C. MacKenzie Ed.). London: J. Souter.

Lloyd, E. (1910). The skin. Its care and treatment (4th ed.). Chicago: McIntosh Battery and Optical Company.

Lloyd, E. (1910). The prismatic ray in the treatment of face and scalp. Chicago: New Medicine Publishing Company.

Keithler, W. M. R. (1956). The formulation of cosmetics and cosmetic specialities. New York: Drug and Cosmetic Industry.

McLeod, E. T. (1949). Beauty after forty. Garden City, NY: Nelson Doubleday Inc.

Morfit, C. (1847). Perfumery: Its manufacture and use with instructions on every branch of the art, and recipes for all fashionable preparations, The whole forming a valuable aid to the perfumer, druggist and soap manufacturer. Illustrated by numerous woodcuts. From the French of Celnart and other late authorities. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart.

Potter, C. B. (1908). The secrets of beauty & mysteries of health. Being practical suggestions for the right care of the person together with a collection of valuable receipts pertaining to the health & beauty gathered during the author’s stage experiences & travels in all parts of the world. San Francisco: Paul Elder and Company.

Poucher, W. A. (1926). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps with special reference to synthetics (2nd ed., Vols. 1-2). New York: D. Van Nostrand Company.

Saalfield, E. (1911). Lectures on cosmetic treatments. A manual for practitioners (J. F. Halls Dally, Trans.). New York: Paul F. Hoeber.

Smith, A., & Rockwood, R. (1935). Modern beauty culture. New York: Prentice Hall.

Sylvia of Hollywood. (1935). “No more alibis!”. Chicago: Photoplay Publishing Company.

Westmore, E. & Westmore, B. (1947). Beauty, glamour and personality. New York: Prang & Company.

Westmore, F., & Davidson, M. (1976). The Westmores of Hollywood. London: W. H. Allen.

Woodbury, W. A. (1911). Beauty Culture. A practical handbook on the care of the person, designed for both the professional and private use. New York: G. W. Dillingham Company.

Material from the Internet Archive

American Medical Association. (1911). Nostrums and quackery. Articles on the nostrum evil and quackery reprinted from the journal of the American medical association Chicago: Author.

The art of beauty. (1825). London: Knight and Lacey.

Askinson, G. W. (1923). Perfumes and cosmetics their preparation and manufacture. A complete and practical treatise for the use of the perfumer and cosmetic manufacturer covering the origin and selection of essential oils and other perfume materials, the compounding of perfumes and the perfuming of cosmetics, etc. London: Crosby Lockwood and Son.

Ayer, A. G. (Ed.). (1890). Facts for ladies. Chicago: Author.

Ayer, H. H. (1902). Harriet Hubbard Ayer’s Book. A complete and authentic treatise on the laws of health and beauty including many carefully tested formulas hitherto unpublished good health how to preserve it good looks how to obtain them with full instructions for physical culture, facial, scalp and general massage. Springfield, Mass: King-Richardson Company.

Beasley, H. (1878). The druggist’s general receipt book comprising a copious veterinary formulary numerous recipes in patent and proprietary medicines, druggist’s nostrums, etc. perfumery and cosmetics beverages, dietetic articles, and condiments. (8th ed.). Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston.

Begy, J. A. (1889). Practical hand-book of toilet preparations and their uses. Also recipes for the household. New York: W. M. L. Allison.

Buc’hoz, P.-J. (1779). The toilet of flora. London: J. Murray.

Brinton, D. G., & Napheys, G. H. (1870). Personal beauty: How to cultivate and preserve it in accordance with the laws of health. Springfield, Mass: W. J. Holland.

Browning, H. E. (1898). Beauty culture. London: Hutchinson & Co.

Butterick Publishing Company. (1892). Beauty its attainment and preservation (2nd ed.). New York: Author.

Cramp, A. J. (Ed.). (1921). Nostrums and quackery. Articles on the nostrum evil, quackery and allied matters affecting the public health; reprinted, with or without modifications, from the journal of the American medical association (Vol. 2). Chicago: American Medical Association.

Cristiani, R. S. (1877). Perfumery and the kindred arts. Philadelphia: Henry Carey Baird & Co.

Covey, A. D. (1903). The secrets of specialists. Detroit: Physicians Supply Company.

Covey, A. D. (1905). The secrets of specialists (2nd ed.). Detroit: Physicians Supply Company.

Covey, A. D. (1911). The secrets of specialists (3rd ed.). Detroit: Physicians Supply Company.

Covey, A. D. (1916). The secrets of specialists (5th ed.). Chicago: Adams Publishing Company.

The duties of a lady’s maid; with directions for conduct and numerous receipts for the toilette. (1825). London: James Bulcock.

The bazar book of decorum. The care of the person, manners, etiquette, and ceremonials. (1870). New York: Harper & Brothers.

Ellington, G. (1869). The women of New York or the under-world of the great city. Illustrating the life of women of fashion, women of pleasure, actresses and ballet girls, saloon girls, pickpockets and shoplifters, artists’ female models, women-of-the-town, etc., etc., etc.. New York: New York Book Company.

Fitz-Gerald, S. J. A. (1901). How to “make-up”. London: Samuel French.

Fletcher, E. A. (1899). The woman beautiful. A practical treatment on the development and preservation of woman’s health and beauty, and the principles of taste in dress. New York: W. M. Young & Co.

Lloyd, E. (1904). The skin. Its care and treatment (2nd ed.). Chicago: McIntosh Battery and Optical Company.

Lloyd, E. (1907). The skin. Its care and treatment (3rd ed.). Chicago: McIntosh Battery and Optical Company.

Lloyd, E. (1914). The skin. Its care and treatment (5th ed.). Chicago: McIntosh Battery and Optical Company.

Lloyd, E. (1920). Special lessons. Chicago: Marinello Company.

McIntosh Battery and Optical Company. (1903). The skin. Its care and treatment. Chicago: Author.

Mixter, M. (1910). Health and beauty hints. New York: Cupples & Leon Company.

Moler, A. B. (1905). The manual on barbering, hairdressing, manicuring, facial massage, electrolysis and chiropody as taught in the Moler system of colleges.

Nostrums and quackery. Articles on the nostrum evil and quackery reprinted, with additions and modifications, from the journal of the American Medical Association (2nd ed.). (1912). Chicago: American Medical Association Press.

Piesse, G. W. S. (1857). The art of perfumery, and the methods of obtaining the odors of plants, with instructions for the manufacture of perfumes for the handkerchief, scented powders, odorous vinegars, dentrifices, pomatums, cosmetiques, perfumed soap, etc. with an appendix on the colors of flowers, artificial fruit essences, etc. etc. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston.

Thornwell, E. (1859). The lady’s guide to perfect gentility in manners, dress, and conversation, in the family, in company, at the piano forte, the table, in the street, and in gentlemen’s society. Also a useful instructor in letter writing, toilet preparations, fancy needlework, millinery, dressmaking, care of the wardrobe, the hair, teeth, hands, lips, complexion, etc. New York: Derby & Jackson.

Thorpe, S. C. (1953). Practice and science of standard barbering. New York: Milady Publishing Corp.

The toilette of health, beauty, and fashion: Embracing the economy of the beard, breath, complexion, ears, eyes, eyebrows, eye-lashes, feet, forehead, gums, hair, head, hands, lips, mouth, mustachios, nails of the toes, nails of the fingers, nose, skin, teeth, tongue, &c. &c. Including the comforts of dress and the decorations of the neck; also the treatment of the discolorations of the skin, corns-eruptions-spots-pimples scorbutic or spongy gums, tainted breath-tooth-ache-carious or decayed teeth-warts-whitlows prevention of baldness, grey hair, etc. With directions for the use of most safe and salutary cosmetics-perfumes-essences-simple waters-depilatories, and other preparations to remove superfluous hair, tan, excrescences, etc. And a variety of select recipes for the dressing room or both sexes. (1834). Boston: Allen and Ticknor.

Wiley, H. W. (1916). 1001 tests of foods, beverages and toilet accessories, good and otherwise: Why they are so. New York: Hearst International.

Websites

Ad*Access
Images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955.

American Art Archives
Art work from artists that produced cosmetic advertising.

AmericanRadioHistory.com
[AmericanRadioHistory.com]
Online access to a million pages of AM FM & TV Broadcasting history.

Andrew Tobias
Full source of his excellent book on Charles Revson, ‘Fire and Ice’.

The British Newspaper Archive
Two hundred years of British newspapers.

Gallica
The digital library of the Bibliothèque nationale de France and its partners. A huge digital library of French books and magazines including some copies of French Vogue and other fashion magazines.

Collecting Vintage Compacts
Dedicated to the inquisitive vintage compact collector who wants to know how, when and why compacts and vanity cases came into being.

Cosmeticsinfo
Source of safety information about cosmetic ingredients for products sold in the USA.

Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers
Search America’s historic newspapers pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present.

Electrotherapy Museum
A site dedicated to the Tesla coil with information on Static Electric Machines, Galvanic Batteries, Faradic Batteries, Oudin Resonators, Tesla Coils, Violet Rays, Diathermy Machines, Carbon Arc Lamps, Ultraviolet Ozone Apparatus and Quack Medical Devices.

HathiTrust
HathiTrust is a partnership of major research institutions and libraries working to ensure that the cultural record is preserved and accessible long into the future. There are more than sixty partners in HathiTrust, and membership is open to institutions worldwide.

History World
Britain’s History in Old Photos and Vintage Adverts.

Internet Archive
The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, it provides free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public.

Magazine Art
Vintage magazine cover and advertising art from the Golden Age of American Illustration.

Modern Mechanix
Reproductions of articles from Modern Mechanics, Popular Science, Mechanix Illustrated and other magazines.

New-York Historical Society
Digital collections freely available over the Internet.

Oldmagazinearticles.com
Articles from assorted magazines.

The Quack Doctor
A collection of panacean powders, pills, potions, procedures and pamphlets, as advertised in historical newspapers.

Skin Deep
A safety guide to cosmetics and personal care products produced by the Environmental Working Group.

Trove
Australian and online resources of books, images, historic newspapers, maps, music, archives and more.

Vintage Ad Browser: Health and Hygiene
Beauty and Hygiene advertisements.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has some limited background information on cosmetics as well as more detailed material on some cosmetic firms.