Many industries exposed workers to chemicals which could irritate the skin and lead to dermatitis but the situation wasn’t seriously examined by cosmetic chemists until the Second World War.
Ann Delafield was born May MacGregor. She worked for Elizabeth Arden and Richard Hudnut before starting her own line of cosmetics sold through Rexall drug stores.
In the 1950s and 1960s some cosmetic chemists suggested using antibiotics to help solve cosmetic problems caused by bacteria.
In 1902, Lesquendieu bought the business of Monsieur Bossard-Lemaire, the maker of the well-known skin cream, La Reine des Crèmes.
In 1874, Lehn & Fink started a business in a small loft building at 160 William Street, New York.
As the use of make-up became more common in the 1920s and 1930s questions arose about how to coordinate colours to produce a harmonious effect.
In 1953, Orlane introduced a skin cream made with pollen extract. They got the idea of using pollen from Professor Jean Bordas, Director of the Station of Agronomy and Plant Pathology in Avignon, France.
The American arm of Coty continued to be the largest part of the company in the post-war period but it came up against increased competition.
Pond’s Beauty Book (1958)
Jergens: Your Skin and Its Care (c.1927)
Books, journals, websites and other sources.
I am always keen to hear from others interested in this area. Thanks to everyone who has already been in touch.