- Floris established in London by Juan Famenias Floris.
- Potter & Moore founded by John Potter and James Moore in Surrey, England.
- Chiris founded by Antoine Chiris in Grasse, France.
- A soap and perfumery business that will become Yardley established by Samuel Cleaver.
- French perfumer and glove maker Michel Adam opens ‘A La Reine des Fleurs’ boutique in Paris.
- Jean-F. Houbigant opens a perfume shop in Saint-Honoré, Paris.
- A La Reine des Fleurs business passes to Michel Adam’s son.
- Pears Soap founded in England.
- James Atkinson, the elder, sets up a perfume business at 44 Gerald Street, London.
- Abel Porter & Company (a button shop) established by Abel & Levi Porter and Henry, Silas & Samuel Grilley (will become the Scovill Manufacturing Company) (U.S.).
- A La Reine des Fleurs business inherited by Pierre-Guillaume Dissey.
- Roger & Gallet founded (France).
- William Colgate starts the Colgate Company making soap, candles and starch in New York.
- William Colgate partners with Francis Smith to form Smith & Colgate.
- Abel Porter & Company sold to Leavenworth, Hayden & Scovill.
- Smith & Colgate becomes William Colgate & Company.
- Dissey et Piver formed as a partnership between Pierre-Guillaume Dissey and Louis Toussaint Piver.
- Merck & Company established (Germany).
- William Yardley gains control of the Cleaver soap and perfumery business.
- House of Guerlain founded by Pierre-François-Pascal Guerlain at 42 Rue de Rivoli, Paris.
- Atkinsons moves to 39 Bond Street, London.
- Edouard Pinaud acquires the perfume shop ‘A la Corbeille Fleurie’ in Paris.
- Atkinson’s renamed as J. & E. Atkinson after James Atkinson’s brother, Edward, becomes a partner in the firm.
- J. & E. Atkinson moves to 24 Old Bond Street, London.
- House of Rimmel founded by Eugene Rimmel in London.
- A.H. Wirz Company was founded by August Herman Wirz in Philadelphia (first business in the U.S. to make collapsible tubes).
- Procter (English candle maker) & Gamble (Irish soap maker) open factory in Cincinnati, Ohio.
- Guerlain moves to 15 Rue de la Paix, Paris.
- Charles Yardley takes on a partner to form Yardley & Statham.
- A. Rallet & Co. founded in Moscow by Alphonse Rallet.
- Ed. Pinaud acquires the title to the business of M. Besançon from his successor M. LeGrand ‘A la Corbeille Fleurie’.
- Boots, The Chemists founded by John Boot (U.K.).
- Chas. Pfizer & Company established by Charles Pfizer and Charles F. Erhart in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.
- The T. T. Pond Company formed by Theron Pond, Alexander Hart, and Edmund Munson.
- John Tetlow purchases a soap business from a Philadelphian who went to the California gold rush.
- Scovill Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- W. J. Bush & Co. founded in London by William John Bush.
- Beecham Ltd. founded (U.K.).
- Hudnut’s Pharmacy established by Alexander Hudnut (Richard Hudnut’s father) in New York.
- C. B. Woodworth founded in New York by Chauncey B. Woodworth.
- William R. Warner opens a drug store in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Registration of trademarks added to the registration of invention patents (France).
- William Colgate dies; William Colgate & Company becomes Colgate & Company.
- Robert Augustus Chesebrough begins manufacturing petroleum products.
- E. R. Squibb & Sons founded by Dr. Edward R. Squibb.
- House of Roger & Gallet founded by Armand Roger and Charles Gallet.
- Joseph-Albert Ponsin establishes a business in Paris to create make-up and perfumes for performers.
- B. J. Johnson Soap Company formed in Milwaukee (will later become Palmolive).
- Carlton & Smith advertising agency founded by William James Carlton (U.S.).
- Meyer Brothers Drug Co. established in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- Florence Manufacturing Company (Florence Compound) founded in Haydenville, Massachusetts.
- Parke-Davis founded in Detroit, Michigan by Harvey C. Parke and George S. Davis.
- Alexandre-Napoléon Bourjois purchases the cosmetic business of Joseph-Albert Ponsin.
- Dr. J. Parker Pray Company established in New York by the podiatrist Dr. Joseph Parker Pray.
- Dr. Charles Browne Fleet opens pharmacy in Lynchburg, Virginia.
- Aurelius Stone Hinds purchases a drug store in downtown Portland.
- John H. Woodbury Company established by John H. Woodbury in Albany, New York.
- Ben Levy Company founded by Benjamin Levy in Boston, Massachusetts.
- Kimberly, Clark & Company founded in Neenah, Wisconsin, by John A. Kimberly, Charles B. Clark, Frank C. Shattuck, and Havilah Babcock.
- Yushin Fukuhara, opens the Shiseido Pharmacy (Japan).
- Peet Brothers Manufacturing Company founded in Kansas City by Jesse, William and Robert Peet to manufacture soap.
- Leichner founded by Ludwig Leichner to manufacture greasepaint.
- Samual Colgate & Company agrees to distribute Vaseline products.
- C. W. Briggs & Sons Company (Marcelle Toilet Preparations) founded.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company established by Robert Chesebrough.
- Lehn & Fink founded by Louis Lehn and Frederick Fink at 160 William Street, New York.
- A. S. Hinds Company founded by Aurelius Stone Hinds in Portland, Maine.
- Carlton & Smith reacquired by James Walter Thompson.
- Carlton & Smith renamed the J. Walter Thompson Company.
- Mennen Company founded.
Recamier Manufacturing Company
- Paul C. Beiersdorf opens pharmacy in Hamburg, Germany.
- Burroughs Wellcome & Company founded in London by American pharmacists Henry Wellcome and Silas Burroughs.
- Chesebrough foreign companies amalgamate with the United States to form Chesebrough Manufacturing Company, Consolidated.
- Franz Ströher-Rothenkirchen (later Wella) founded by German hairdresser Franz Ströher.
- Richard Hudnut begins selling perfumes from the New York pharmacy owned by this father, Alexander Hudnut.
- Lunsford Richardson acquires a retail drug business in Selma, North Carolina.
- Western Soap Company started by Andrew Jergens.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company becomes majority owned by Standard Oil.
- Dr. Joseph Lawrence sells his formula for Listerine to Jordan Wheat Lambert.
- Jordan Wheat Lambert founds the Lambert Pharmacal Company.
- Andrew Jergens Soap Company founded by Andrew Jergens Sr. and Charles H. Geilfus.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company founded by pharmacist Paul C. Beiersdorf to manufacture gutta-percha medical plasters (Germany).
- Bronnleys, makers of fine soaps, founded (U.K.).
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) formed from the Weeks & Potter Drug Company.
- A. J. Krank Manufacturing Company established by Alfred J. Krank in St Paul, Minnesota.
- J. A. Pozzoni Company formed.
- Blondeau et Cie founded by Dr. Eggleston Burrows and James Hill Hartridge in New Bond Street, London.
- W. J. Bush & Co. relocates to larger premises at Ash Grove, Hackney.
- Frederick F. Ingram Company established by Frederick F. Ingram.
- Monsieur Guillaume Lenthéric opens first salon and laboratory at 245 St Honoré.
- Lehn & Fink relocates to larger building at 128 William Street, New York.
- Lever & Company (Lever Brothers) founded by William and James Lever (U.K.).
- Albert Plaut becomes a partner in Lehn & Fink after the retirement of Louis Lehn.
- W. J. Bush & Co. absorbs Potter & Moore.
- California Perfume Company founded by David H. McConnell.
- Johnson & Johnson founded by Robert Wood Johnson, James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson.
- Pond’s Extract launches its first national advertising campaign in the U.S. using the services of the J. Walter Thompson Company.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) commence first international advertising.
- Recamier Manufacturing Company founded by Harriet Hubbard Ayer.
- William R. Warner gives up his drug store and establishes William R. Warner & Company.
- Eli Lilly & Company founded by Colonel Eli Lilly in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company founded by John R. Myers, William M. Bristol, John Clark and Lafayette Moore (will later become Bristol-Myers).
- Johnson & Johnson incorporates.
- Kao Soap Co. Ltd. founded (Japan).
- Oxzyn Company founded (N.Y.C.).
- Recamier Manufacturing Company incorporates; introduces its skin creams into England.
- M. Stein Cosmetic Company founded to make theatrical creams and greasepaint (U.S.).
- Dow (Midland) Chemical Company founded (U.S.).
- Martha M. Harper starts a business in Rochester N.Y. State.
- Eugene Rimmel incorporates as a limited liability company.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) incorporates.
- Richard Hudnut Pharmacy Company established at 925 Broadway, New York.
A. Bourjois & Company
- Académie Scientifique de Beauté founded by Dr. Alexandre Lamotte in Paris.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company sold to Oscar Troplowitz.
- Chambre Syndicale de la Parfumerie Française established by Aimé Guerlain and Charles Gallet.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company reorganises and becomes the Bristol-Myers Company
- Alexandre-Napoléon Bourjois builds factory in Pantin.
- Daggett & Ramsdell established by Volney Chaplin Daggett and Clifford Ramsdell.
- Kimberly & Clark Company incorporates.
- Lever & Company becomes a limited liability company, Lever Brothers Ltd.
- Lunsford Richardson buys a share in a larger drug store in Greensboro, North Carolina.
- Proctor & Gamble incorporates.
- Yardley becomes a Joint Stock Company.
- A. Bourjois & Cie formed by Alexander Bourjois and Emile Orosdi (France). Factory built at Pantin.
- Dr. J. Parker Pray Company incorporates in New Jersey.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company builds new factory in Eimsbüttel, Germany.
- Maurice Lévy founded by Felix Lévy.
- Peet Brothers Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Proctor & Gamble start national advertising campaign in magazines.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company signs agreement with the American company Lehn & Fink.
- German Oil & Chemical Company founded by Francis W. Jones.
- Martha Matilda Harper founded.
- Andrew Jergens takes over the manufacture of Woodbury products.
- Californian Perfume Company opens its first laboratory in Suffern, New York.
- Académie Scientifique de Beauté opens a beauty salon at 376 Rue Saint Honoré, Paris.
- Beecham Ltd. opens an American subsidiary.
- Givaudan established in Zurich by Leon and Xavier Givaudan.
- Jeanette Scalé opens a salon in Chancery Lane, London using the name Mrs. Pomeroy.
- The Klytia Insitut Scientific de la Beauté established by Marie Valentin Le Brun in Paris.
- Lever Brothers established in the New York.
- Crown Chemical Company established by Augustus F. Garriott and John M. Price in indianapolis, Indiana.
- Frances Forsythe opens a beauty business in Mayfair using the name Mrs. Frances Hemming (U.K.).
- Hoffman-La Roche, Inc. founded (Switzerland).
- J. & E. Atkinson Ltd. incorporates.
- Mrs. Pomeroy Ltd. established. Moves to bigger premises at 29 Old Bond Street, London.
- Recamier Manufacturing Company goes into receivership; assets acquired by Maria E. Rinn.
- W. J. Bush & Co. becomes a limited liability company.
- Cyclax founded by Frances Forsythe (U.K.).
- D. Weeks Company formed by Deyet Weeks in Iowa.
- Denney & Denney founded in Philadelphia.
- Monsanto Chemical Company established (U.S.).
- California Perfume Company establishes its own laboratory in Suffern, New York.
- W. J. Bush & Co. Ltd. establish a branch in New York.
- Emile Orsosdi (Bourjois et Cie) enters into partnership with Ernest Wertheimer.
- Givaudan moves to Geneva; constructs a factory in Vernier.
- Icilma Company Ltd. founded by Stephen Armitage in London.
- B. J. Johnson formed.
- Lehn & Fink acquired by Albert Plaut.
- Lever Brothers begin manufacturing in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Vinolia Company Ltd. formed to take over the business of Blondeau et Cie.
- Benjamin Brooke & Company acquired by Lever Brothers Ltd.
- National Toilet Company (Nadine) established in Paris, Tennessee.
- Vinolia Company Ltd. goes public.
- Eleanor Adair establishes a salon in London.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company incorporates as the Bristol-Myers Company.
- Chas. Pfizer & Company incorporates.
- Elcaya established by James C. Crane in New York.
- American Safety Razor Company formed in Boston by King Camp Gillette.
- Andrew Jergens Company acquires rights and trademarks to manufacture and sell Woodbury toilet articles, including Woodbury soap.
- Crown Chemical Company incorporates.
- George Westmore opens a hair dressing salon in Newport (U.S.).
- American Safety Razor Company renamed as the Gillette Safety Razor Company.
- Helena Rubinstein opens her first salon in Melbourne, Australia.
- The Van Dyke Chemical Company founded in New York by Samuel Isermann and L. A. Van Dyke to manufacture synthetic aromatic compounds.
- United Drug Company is established by Louis Kroh Liggett and a group of independent drug store owners in New Jersey.
- Bonetti Frères (Bonetti Brothers) established by the brothers Giovanni Battista Bonetti and Cornelio Bonetti (Paris).
- Chesebrough moves manufacturing from Brooklyn to a larger plant in Perth Amboy, New Jersey.
- Coty SA founded in Paris by François Joseph de Spoturno.
- A. S. Hinds builds new laboratory on the corner of Pine and Clark Streets, Portland.
- Marinello Company founded by Ruth D. Maurer in La Cross, Wisconsin.
- Alfred H. Smith Company (importers of Djer-Kiss) incorporates (U.S.).
- Crown Chemical Company establishes Boncilla Laboratories.
- Pompeian Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Richard Hudnut builds manufacturing facilities and offices at 115-117 East 29th Street, New York.
- Theodore Welcher and Lowell M. Palmer buy E. R. Squibb & Sons after the death of Dr. Edward R. Squibb.
- Vick Family Remedies Company established by Lunsford Richardson.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company establishes its first overseas affiliate in London.
- Mrs. Pomeroy Ltd. goes into voluntary liquidation; assets sold to E. H. Girling who establishes a new Mrs. Pomeroy Ltd.
- Madame C. J. Walker establishes the Walker Manufacturing Company in Denver.
- Vinola company acquired by Lever Brothers.
- American Cyanamid founded by Frank Washburn.
- Daggett & Ramsdell closes its retail business.
- Elmo founded by Mary and Margaret McCann in Philadelphia.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer Company founded by Vincent Benjamin Thomas after he acquired the rights to her name.
- Helena Rubinstein Pty. Ltd. founded.; and opens her second salon in Sydney, Australia.
- Lehn & Fink acquires the A. S. Hinds Company.
- Princess Pat Ltd. established by Max Martin Gordon and his wife Fannie Gordon.
- Vick Chemical Company formed by Lunsford Richardson.
- Coty opens his first shop at 23 Place Vendôme, Paris; moves business centre to Suresnes.
- Helena Rubinstein opens salons in London and New Zealand.
- William R. Warner Company acquired by Henry and Gustavus A. Pfeiffer & Company.
- Madame C. J. Walker opens the Lelia College in Pittsburgh.
- Orosdi and Wertheimer open ‘Galleries Lafayette’ (Paris).
- California Perfume Company moves its headquarters to New York.
- Charles Nessler opens a shop in London after leaving his barber-surgeon job in Switzerland.
- Florence Graham (Elizabeth Arden) and Elizabeth Hubbard open a salon at 509 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Helena Rubinstein purchases a Paris salon from Madame Chambaron.
- L’Institut Marie Earle established at 279 Rue Saint-Honoré, Paris.
- Max Factor opens a store on South Central Avenue, Los Angeles; Max Factor & Company founded.
- Richard Hudnut Pharmacy Company incorporates.
- Société Française des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux (L’Oréal) founded by Eugène Schueller.
- Bourjois, Inc. established in the United States.
- Charles Ritz opens a hairdressing business in the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, New York.
- Colgate moves to Jersey City, New Jersey.
- Coty opens London and Moscow subsidiaries.
- Florence Graham goes into business for herself at 509 Fifth Avenue, New York, under the name Elizabeth Arden.
- Lightfoot Schultz Company organised in New York by Charles Schultz.
- Marie Earle company established by M. Earle and N. Earle (Paris).
- Lehn & Fink incorporates.
- Madame C. J. Walker establishes a factory, hair and manicure salon; opens another training school in Indianapolis.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company patents Eucerit skin cream.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company becomes an independent entity after the breakup of Standard Oil.
- Harold F. Ritchie & Company Ltd. founded by Harold F. Ritchie.
- Lashbrow Laboratories started by Benjamin Ansehl (U.S.).
- L’Oréal established in Austria.
- Louis Philippe established by Louis Onesime Philippe in New York.
- Northam Warren Company founded by Northam Warren in New York.
- Roger & Gallet, New York established.
- Seligman & Latz founded by Sidney Seligman and Edwin Latz in New York.
- Wildroot Company established in Buffalo.
- Antoni Cierplikowski (Antoine) opens a hairdressing salon at 5 Rue Cambon, Paris.
- Coty opens a branch on Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Crystal Chemical Company, New York, incorporates.
- Marie Earle opens a branch at 30 East 57th Street, New York.
- Melba Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Richard Hudnut opens a branch office at 22 Rue Augustine, Paris.
- Rights to Chapstick sold to John Morton who establishes the Morton Manufacturing Corporation to market it.
- Andrew Jergens Company, Cincinnati incorporates.
- A. Bourjois & Company founded in New York.
- Harper Method founded by Martha Matilda Harper.
- Houbigant starts business in New York.
- Lady Esther founded by Syma Cohen.
- L’Oréal established in the Netherlands.
- Paris Toilet Company founded in Paris, Tennessee.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company establishes an affiliate in Vienna, Austria.
- Elizabeth Arden opens a second salon in Washington, D.C.
- American department stores begin to stock Arden’s Venetian line.
- German Oil & Chemical Company incorporates as the Melba Manufacturing Company.
- Guerlain opens new premises at 68 Avenue des Champs-Elysées, Paris.
- Helena Rubinstein begins wholesaling in the U.S.
- Lever Bothers acquire an interest in Pears Soap.
- Richard Hudnut closed his pharmacy at 925 Broadway, New York.
- V. Vivaudou Company, Inc. established by Victor Vivaudou and a group of investors in New York.
- California Perfume Company, New Jersey incorporates.
- C. B. Woodworth & Sons acquired by the State Securities Company which then incorporates.
- Charles Nessler leaves England and opened a shop on East 46th Street, New York; Nestle Company organised by Charles Nessler in New York.
- Elcaya Company, New York incorporates.
- Elizabeth Arden moves to 673 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Helena Rubinstein opens a New York salon at 15 East 49th Street.
- Louis Philippe incorporates.
- Northam Warren Company, New York incorporates; Northam Warren buys shares in Van Dyke & Co.
- Pepsodent Company, New Mexico founded by Edward Springer & George E. Remley.
- Maybell Laboratories (Maybelline) founded by Tom Lyle Williams.
- Armand Company incorporates.
- B. J. Johnson Soap Company incorporates as the Palmolive Company.
- Elizabeth Arden opens a laboratory at 665 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Dorothy Gray opens her first salon on 57th Street, New York.
- DuBarry Perfume Company established (U.K.).
- Helena Rubinstein Beauty Products Manufacturing Company, New York incorporates.
- Max Factor moves to larger premises on South Broadway, Los Angeles.
- Northam Warren begins advertising using the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency.
- Peggy Sage company established by Peggy Sage in New York.
- Perfumeria Myrurgia Ltd. established in Barcelona, Spain.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) open laboratory in England.
- Richard Hudnut opens a perfume Shop opens at 400 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- V. Vivaudou acquired by the United Drug Company.
- William R. Warner & Co. acquires the Richard Hudnut Pharmacy Company and the J. A. Pozzoni Pharmacal Company.
- Helena Rubinstein opens salons in San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, Chicago, and Toronto.
- Madam C. J. Walker hosted the first national convention of her Walker ‘beauty culturists’ in Philadelphia.
- Noxzema Chemical Company founded by Dr. George A. Bunting in Baltimore, Maryland.
- William R. Warner & Co. moves to new quarters at 113-127 West 18th Street, New York.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company becomes a private limited liability company.
- D’Orsay Perfumeries Corporation, New York incorporates.
- Hannibal Pharmacal Company formed by Edwin Druin Frier in Hannibal, Missouri to manufacture Neet depilatory.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer taken over by Lillian Sefton Thomas after the death of her husband.
- Marie Earle opens a salon in New York.
- Morny begin to export cosmetics (U.K.).
- American Safety Razor Corporation formed from the merger of the Gem, Ever-Ready, and Star companies.
- Charles Jundt buys the hairdressing salon at the Ritz-Carlton and starts what will become Charles of the Ritz.
- Inecto, Inc. founded by Neal R. Andrews (U.S.) to sell Inecto hair dyes created by M. Gaston Bardou of Paris.
- International Icilma Trading Company Ltd. incorporates.
- Max Factor’s ‘House of Make-up’ opens in the theatre district at 326 South Hill Street, Los Angeles.
- V. Vivaudou sold by the United Drug Company to a New York syndicate that included Victor Vivaudou.
- Aziza founded by Nina Sussman in Paris.
- Barbasol Company founded in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- Crosfield, a subsidiary of Lever Brothers acquires a substantial share of J. & E. Atkinson Ltd.
- Paul C. Beiersdorf changes its name to P. Beiersdorf & Company GmbH.
- Boots Pure Drug Co., Ltd. acquired by the United Drug Company.
- Cellucotton Products Company established by Kimberley-Clark.
- Elizabeth Arden opens a salon at 2 Rue de la Paix, Paris.
- Lever Bothers absorbs Pears Soap.
- Lowell Company (Primrose House) established in Lowell, Massachusetts by a group of investors; Primrose House salon opens at 3 East 52nd Street, New York.
- Noxzema Chemical Company, Baltimore opens first factory.
- House of Tangee founded by George W. Luft.
- Plough Chemical Company founded by Abe Plough in Memphis Tennessee.
- Recamier Manufacturing Company sold to Anna E. Reynolds.
- La Société des Savons Françias (Monsavon) founded on Rue Martre, Clichy (France).
- D. Weeks Company and the D. C. Leo Company purchased by Armand Company.
- William R. Warner & Company incorporates in Delaware.
- Yardley converted into a public limited liability company.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company GmbH establishes an affiliate in the U.S.A.
- Bourjois begins manufacturing in the Britain.
- Max Braun establishes an equipment manufacturing workshop (Firma Max Braun) in Frankfurt, Germany.
- Maurice Lévy Company incorporates.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) open laboratory in Canada.
- Richard Hudnut store moves to 392 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Yardley opens an American branch in New York.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company GmbH becomes a public company and changes its name to P. Beiersdorf & Company AG.
- Celma Company established in Toledo, Ohio.
- Coty, Inc. formed in New York. Laboratories and assembling plant established at 423 West 55th Street, New York.
- Dorothy Gray establishes a laboratory and begins manufacturing cosmetics for wholesale.
- Edna Wallace Hopper Company established by Otis and Fred Glidden in Waukesha, Wisconsin.
- Elizabeth Arden opens a salon at 25 Old Bond Street, London.
- Frostilla Company incorporates.
- International Icilma Trading Company Ltd. bought by Lever Brothers.
- Lady Esther incorporates.
- Lehn & Fink build new manufacturing plant and laboratories in Bloomfield, New Jersey.
- Marie Earle, Inc., organised in New York.
- Zonite Products Corporation founded in New York.
- Bristol Myers (owners of Ipana toothpaste) begin radio advertising (U.S.).
- Crown Chemical Company changes its name to Boncilla Laboratories.
- Dorothy Gray moves to 116 East 59th Street, New York.
- Luzier Cosmetics, Inc. founded by Thomas L. Luzier in Kansas City.
- Maybell Laboratories renamed Maybelline.
- Pacquin Perfumers N. Y. formed.
- Alfred Dunhill SA formed in France.
- Coty (England) Ltd. created.
- Elcaya acquired by H. C. MacBride.
- Fabergé et Cie begun by Alexander and Eugène Carl (Paris).
- Henry Tetlow incorporates as Henry Tetlow & Company.
- Johnson & Johnson opens its first overseas company in the U.K.
- Le Mur Company organised in Cleveland.
- Parfumerie Rigaud, Inc. established (U.S.).
- Parfums Corday established by Blanche Arvoy in Paris, France.
- Société des Parfums Lucien Lelong established in Paris, France.
- V. Vivaudou acquired by D. A. Schulte.
- Yardley purchases the French perfumery Viville, which operates as Viville-Yardley until the 1930s.
- Coty, Inc. (U.S.) becomes a publicly traded company.
- Lehn & Fink Products created to acquire Lehn & Fink and A. S. Hinds; new company then goes public.
- Marinello headquarters moved to 72 Fifth Avenue, New York and begins manufacturing operations in NYC.
- Richard Hudnut opens a laboratory at Suresnes, Paris.
- Vick Chemical Company organised to acquire all of the assets of the old Vick Chemical Company to enable national distribution.
- V. Vivavidou acquires Alfred H. Smith Company, importers of Djer-Kiss.
- Académie Scientifique de Beauté acquired by pharmacist Georges Gay.
- Antoine de Paris opens a salon at Saks Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Charles Jundt adopts Charles of the Ritz as a trademark for his cosmetics.
- Celma purchases Marie Barlow.
- Coty acquires Rallet.
- I. G. Farbenindustrie founded (Germany).
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. founded in London; opens hairdressing salon in Bayswater.
- Marie Barlow opens new salon and product line in New York.
- Marie Earle New York salon moves to 659 Fifth Avenue.
- Martha Matilda Harper incorporates.
- Northam Warren Corporation acquires the Elcaya Company, Inc.
- Palmolive Company and the Peet Brothers Manufacturing Company merge to form the Palmolive-Peet Company.
- Primrose House reorganised under new management.
- Prince Matchabelli Perfumery Company founded by Prince Georges V. Matchabelli in New York.
- V. Vivavidou acquires the Melba Manufacturing Company (name changed to Parfumerie Melba).
- Vick Chemical Company incorporates.
- Bonnie Bell Company founded by Jesse Grover Bell in Cleveland, Ohio.
- Campana Company founded by Ernest Morgan Oswalt (U.S.).
- Cellucotton Products Company becomes the International Cellucotton Products Company after numerous name changes.
- Dorothy Gray acquired by Lehn & Fink Products Corporation; incorporates in New Jersey.
- Erno Laszlo opens the Institute of Scientific Cosmetology in Budapest.
- Glyco Chemicals, Inc. founded.
- George W. Luft Company founded by George W. Luft; also starts the International Cosmetic Company.
- Inecto, Inc. acquires the Marinello Company and the National School of Cosmeticians.
- Lenthéric acquired by E. R. Squibb & Sons.
- Lucien Lelong, Inc. established (U.S.).
- Luxor Ltd. appointed sole agents for Lucien Lelong of Paris.
- Marie Earle salon opens in Los Angeles, California.
- Maurice Lévy Company renamed as the Hygienol Company.
- Max Factor begins nationwide distribution of Max Factor cosmetics; opens a branch office at 444 West Grand Avenue, Chicago.
- National Mineral Company (Helene Curtis) established by Gerald Gidwitz and Louis P. Stein.
- Pompeian Manufacturing Company acquired by Colgate & Company.
- Pond’s Extract opens its first foreign plant in Canada.
- Primrose House opens a branch at 127 Grant Avenue, San Francisco.
- Richard Hudnut opens a new shop at 20 Rue de la Paix, Paris.
- William Waltke acquired by Procter and Gamble.
- Yardley headquarters and showrooms moved to 8 New Bond Street, London.
- Académie Scientifique de Beauté opens the first French beauty school at 376, rue Saint Honoré, Paris.
- Charles of the Ritz incorporates.
- Coty, Inc. acquires Marie Earle.
- Dorothy Gray salon opens in the new Dorothy Gray building.
- Harold F. Ritchie & Company acquires J. C. Eno Ltd.
- Helena Rubinstein sells her American business to Lehman Brothers.
- Kimberly, Clark & Company becomes the Kimberly-Clark Corporation.
- L’Insitut Jeanne Piaubert established by Jeanne Piaubert (Paris).
- L. Leichner’s London Ltd. founded.
- Marie Barlow severs her connections with the Celma Company and forms Barbara Haynes, Inc.
- Marie Earle salon opens in Southampton, Long Island.
- Max Factor Make-up Studio opened at 1666 North Highland Avenue, Hollywood; Sales Builder, Inc. awarded the contract to advertise and distribute Max Factor products throughout the U.S.
- Nestle Company and LeMur Company merge to form Nestle-LeMur.
- Northam Warren (Cutex, Elcaya) purchases the Odor-O-No and Glazo companies.
- Palmolive-Peet and Colgate merge to create Colgate-Palmolive-Peet.
- Perfume Associates founded in New York (Duke Laboratories (Nivea) and Lady Esther).
- Primrose House moves to 49 West 45th Street, New York.
- Sales Builder, Inc. awarded the contract to advertise and distribute Max Factor products throughout the U.S.
- Sefton-Dodge Ltd. established at 150 Regent Street, London.
- La Société des Savons Françias (Monsavon) acquired by Société Française des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux (L’Oréal).
- Yardley opens an American factory in New Jersey.
- A. Bourjois (Paris), Bourjois (New York) and Woodworth, Inc. merge to form the International Perfume Company, Inc.
- Bristol-Myers acquired by Drug, Inc.
- Coty, Inc. acquires a majority interest in the five European Coty companies.
- Daggett & Ramsdell acquired by the Standard Oil Company; products sold through the subsidiary, Stanco Distributors, Inc.
- Dorothy Gray begins radio advertising (U.S.).
- Frederick F. Ingram acquired by Bristol-Myers.
- Hannibal Pharmacal Company sold to a syndicate of New York bankers.
- International Icilma Trading Company Ltd. becomes the Icilma Company Ltd.
- Kirkman & Sons merge with Colgate-Palmolive-Peet.
- Klytia Corporation formed (U.S.) to sell products of the Insitut de Beauté of Paris.
- Lesquendieu (including Tussy) acquired by Lehn & Fink Products Corporation.
- Lever Brothers and Dutch Margarine Union merge to form Unilever. Lever Brothers of America operated as a subsidiary.
- Lucien Lelong incorporates with Lucien Lelong as the largest shareholder.
- Marie Earle Paris salon moves to 15 Rue de la Paix.
- Max Factor & Company becomes a Delaware corporation.
- Neet, Inc. formed to acquire the assets of the Hannibal Pharmacal Company.
- Pacquin Perfumers N. Y. changes their name to Pacquin, Inc.
- Plough Chemical Company changed to Plough, Inc.
- Pola founded in Shizuoka, Japan by Shinobu Suzuki.
- Potter & Moore Ltd. established by W. J. Bush & Co. Ltd. (U.K.).
- Primrose House salon moves to 595 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Sales Affiliates, Inc. established to sell the products of Marinello and Inecto, Inc.
- Andrevan, Inc. established by Neal R. Andrews and Ralph L. Evans, acquires the stock of Sales Affiliates, Inc., Inecto, Inc. and the Marinello Company.
- Alexandra de Markoff incorporates in the United States; establishes a salon in New York.
- Coty begins radio advertising (U.S.).
- Dorothy Gray opens its first European salon at 34 Avenue George V, Paris.
- J. S. Kirk acquired by Procter & Gamble.
- Koremlu, Inc. founded by Kora M. Lubin.
- Mary Dunhill products introduced into the U.S.
- Max Factor establishes and International Division.
- Northam Warren acquires Peggy Sage.
- Natone (Neutrogena) founded by Emanuel Stolaroff in Los Angeles.
- Payot opens salon in Paris.
- Pompeian Company and the Frostilla Company sold to a consortium comprising of Harold F. Ritchie & Company and the Shoemaker family, owners of the Frostilla Company.
- Rudemar Products Corporation established by Ruth D. Maurer and a group of backers.
- Sefton-Dodge Ltd (U.K.). renamed Harriet Hubbard Ayer Ltd; and London operations moved to 130 Regent Street.
- Almay Cosmetics founded by Alfred and Fanny May Woititz.
- Beauty Counselors founded in Detroit.
- Clairol founded by Lawrence and Joan Gelb (U.S.).
- Clinique La Prairie founded in Montreux, Switzerland by Dr Paul Niehans.
- Helena Rubinstein regains control of her American business.
- L’Oréal uses a ‘jingle’ in their radio advertising.
- Merle Norman started in Santa Monica, California by Merle Nethercutt Norman.
- Mum Manufacturing Company acquired by Bristol-Myers.
- Parfumerie Ed. Pinaud Paris incorporates as Pinaud S.A.R.L.
- Pond’s opens its first foreign plant in Canada.
- Richard Hudnut opens a new shop and salon at 693 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Yardley retail showrooms moved to Yardley House at 33 Old Bond Street, London.
- Import Duties Act imposes 30% duty on imported cosmetics and toiletries (U.K.); a temporary 50% duty had been levied in 1931.
- Coty Manufacturing Co. Ltd. established (U.K.).
- Dana Perfumes Corporation founded (Spain).
- Dorothy Gray installs her first salon on a Grace Line ship, the Santa Rosa.
- Douglas Collins & Company Ltd. established by Douglas Collins and Buzz Stevens.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer begins direct selling to retailers.
- International Laytex Company founded; later known as International Playtex, Inc.
- Koremlu, Inc. files for bankruptcy.
- Mary Chess founded by Grace Mary Chess Robinson in New York.
- Marie Earle New York salon moves to 714 Fifth Avenue.
- Parfums Corday, Inc. established in New York by Benson Storfer after he acquired the assets of the Lionel Trading Company which had become bankrupt.
- Pond’s Extract opens first overseas factory in Perivale, London.
- Revlon Nail Enamel Company founded by Charles Revson, Joseph Revson and Charles R. Lachman in New York.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company AG establishes its first South American affiliate in Argentina.
- Dorothy Gray opens salons on the ‘Santa Rosa’ ship of the Grace Line.
- Lightfoot Schultz Company sold to the American Safety Razor Corporation.
- Louis Philippe Inc. sold to American Home Products Inc.
- Mary Chess opens a store at 334 Park Avenue, New York.
- Northam Warren begins radio advertising.
- Revlon Nail Enamel incorporates.
- Rudemar Products Corporation goes into liquidation.
- United Drug Company sells Boots to British investors including John Boot.
- Vita-Ray Corporation founded in Lowell, Massachusetts by the Ayer Company.
- Yardley New York sales office and showrooms moved to the Rockefeller Center; London headquarters moved to Sackville house, Piccadilly.
- Elizabeth Arden opens the Maine Chance beauty spa/health farm in Maine.
- Lalique severs ties with Coty.
- Peggy Sage establishes a salon at 130 New Bond Street, London.
- Shulton, Inc. founded by William Lightfoot Shultz in New York.
- Ar-Ex Cosmetics founded by chemist Julius Kahn.
- Lancôme founded by Armand Petitjean and Guillaume d’Ornano.
- Max Factor opens the renovated Max Factor Make-up Studio in Los Angeles.
- Guerlain replaces the Rue de la Paix shop with one at Place Vendôme.
- M. Stein Cosmetic Company acquired by Anstin Alexander and Leon Kutzer.
- Northam Warren Sales Company established.
- The Westmore brothers, Ern, Perc, Mont and Wally, establish the House of Westmore in Los Angeles.
- Wasey Products, Inc. founded by Louis R. Wasey in New York.
- Cyclax of London established in New York.
- Douglas R. Collins Ltd. (Goya) founded by Douglas Collins (U.K.).
- Elizabeth Arden opens the Gymnasium Moderne in her Fifth Avenue salon; Elizabeth Arden Ltd. established (U.K.).
- Germaine Monteil Cosmetiques Corporation established.
- Helene Winterstein Cosmetics founded by Helene Winterstein (Austria).
- Hirestra Laboratories, Inc. founded by Robert Rheinstrom.
- Lancôme opens a Paris salon.
- Mary Chess opens a salon at 7 Shepherd Market, Mayfair, London.
- Max Factor Hollywood and London (Sales), Ltd. established with factory at Park Royal (U.K.); London beauty salon opened at 49 Old Bond Street, London.
- Petalskin Toiletries formed in New York.
- Prince Matchabelli sold to D. Lizner & Co.
- Yardley opens a London beauty salon in Bond Street.
- Constance Bennett Cosmetics established in Hollywood, California.
- Cyclax opens a salon in New York.
- Dorothy Gray Salons Company established in London.
- Fabergé, Inc. founded by Samuel Rubin who purchases the brand name from Fabergé et Cie.
- Gatineau founded in Paris by Madame Jeanne Gatineau.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer Salon de Massage opens at 33 Boulevard Haussmann, Paris.
- Helena Rubinstein opens a new flagship salon in New York.
- J. C. Laboratories change their name to Jacqueline Cochran.
- Max Factor opens a branch in France.
- Miners Cosmetics founded (U.K.).
- Pompeian sold to Laco Products, Inc.
- Pond’s Extract begins sponsoring radio programs (U.S.).
- Potter & Moore Ltd. open new London factory.
- Primrose House creates Delv Ltd. to sell Delv all-purpose cream.
- Revlon adds a style department to promote style and fashion in manicure items and begins to sell in stores as well as salons.
- Elsa Schiaparelli forms a U.S. company.
- Gala of London founded (U.K.).
- Glazo, Inc. formed in New York from the Glazo manicure line and the Elcaya cosmetic line.
- Gouband of Paris starts in New York.
- McLeans acquired by Beecham.
- Peggy Sage nail polishes, formerly only sold in department stores and specialty shops, now sold through some beauty salons.
- Potter & Moore established in the U.S.
- Alfred D. McKelvey Company founded by Alfred D. McKelvey.
- Beecham acquires County Perfumery Company Ltd., manufacturers of Brylcreem.
- California Perfume Company renamed Avon Products, Inc.
- Charles of the Ritz acquires the Doraldina Company; forms a new English company, Charles of the Ritz Distributors Ltd., London.
- Coty, Inc. split into a U.S. based company and Coty International based in Panama.
- Guerlain opens a Beauty Institute at its Champs-Elysées store.
- Erno Laszlo opens the Laszlo Institute in New York.
- Pompeian sold to Laco Products, Inc.
- Revlon Nail Enamel Corporation changes its name to Revlon Products Corporation.
- Shulton opens new showrooms and offices in the Rockefeller Centre, New York; new assembly facilities opened in Hoboken, New Jersey.
- Société des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux renamed as L’Oréal.
- Aziza Eye Cosmetics Company established in New York.
- Chesebrough establishes a subsidiary in Great Britain.
- Dana Perfumes starts in the U.S.
- F. W. Hampshire & Co. Ltd. purchases Mrs. Pomeroy Beauty Preparations.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer withdrawn from sale in Britain.
- Max Factor opens branches in The Philippines and Canada.
- Milkmaid, Inc. established in New York.
- Northam Warren corporate and manufacturing headquarters moves to a new manufacturing plant in Stamford, Connecticut.
- Helena Rubinstein opens the House of Gourielli in New York.
- Katherine Mary Quinlan, Inc. acquired by Parfums Corday, Inc. from the Pond’s Extract Company.
- Max Factor established in Cuba.
- Milkmaid, Inc. opens showrooms at 647 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Primrose House salon moves to 379 Park Avenue, New York.
- Vick Chemical Company acquires Prince Matchabelli, Inc. and the Alfred D. McKelvy Company (Seaforth).
- Chas. Pfizer & Company, Inc. becomes a public company.
- Germaine Monteil gives up the fashion business and concentrates on cosmetics.
- Peggy Sage launched in France.
- Proctor & Gamble creates a drug division to sell its toilet goods.
- Helen Neuschaefer, Inc. (New York) and the Lacquerite Company (New Jersey) founded by Helen Neuschaefer.
- Johnson & Johnson lists on the New York Stock Exchange.
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. acquired by Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
- Max Factor opens New York buying office at 730 Fifth Avenue; opens a branch in Mexico.
- Pepsodent Company acquired by Unilever.
- Toni Home Permanent Company founded by Richard Neisen Harris and Irving B. Harris.
- Divapharma pharmaceutical laboratory (Juvena), founded in Zurich.
- Cosmair becomes L’Oréal’s agent in the U.S.
- Kryolan GmbH Chemische Fabrik, a professional make-up firm established by Arnold Langer in Berlin.
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation acquires Schulke & Mayr and its worldwide rights for Lysol.
- Peggy Sage buys the building at 54 East 57th Street, New York to house the Peggy Sage Salon.
- Revlon acquires Graef & Schmidt, Inc., New York.
- United Drug Company becomes United-Rexall Drug, Inc.
- Elizabeth Arden opens second Maine Chance farm in Arizona.
- Estée Lauder founded by Estée and Joseph Lauder.
- Gala of London incorporates.
- Katherine Mary Quinlan, Inc. acquired by William E. Weiss, Jr. and operates under the name Natcor Industries, Inc.
- Lancaster established in Monaco by Georges Wurz and Dr. Eugene Frezzati.
- Mary Chess purchased by Saunders P. Jones.
- Max Factor buys Sales Builders, Inc., the distributors of Max Factor in the U.S.; opens branches in Australia, South Africa, Argentina and Brazil.
- National Industries, Inc. becomes Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.
- Revlon opens a Chicago office at 55 East Washington Square.
- Richard Hudnut acquires Courtley, Inc.
- Shulton factory opens in Clifton, New Jersey; and establishes a subsidiary in Mexico.
- Vick Chemical Company purchases the Sofskin Company.
- Wella Hairdressing Requirements GmbH founded in Berlin by Karl and Georg Ströher.
- Yardley head office, perfume laboratory, art department and salon moved to Yardley House, London.
- Charles of the Ritz buys Cosmo Chemical Laboratories.
- Colgate-Palmolive-Peet acquires Kay Daumit, Inc. (makers of Lustre Creme shampoo).
- Dorothy Gray takes over the American distribution of Suzy Perfumes.
- Estée Lauder establishes its first department store account with Saks, New York City.
- Eylure Cosmetics established by David and Eric Aylott (U.K.).
- Guerlain opens a factory in Courbevoie to replace the one at Bécon-les-Bruyères destroyed in the war.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer acquired by Lever Brothers, the American arm of Unilever.
- Henry Brooks buys the Alexandra de Markoff Facial Preparations Company.
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation opens new plant in Lincoln, Nebraska.
- Max Factor opens a branch in Ireland.
- Orlane founded by Guillaume d’Ornano and his two sons Hubert and Michel.
- Parfums Christian Dior of Paris founded by Serge Heftler.
- United-Rexall Drug, Inc. becomes Rexall Drug, Inc.
- Armour & Company sells Luxor to Unilever.
- Daggett & Ramsdell purchased from Standard Oil by a New York investor group.
- Givaudan acquires Ersolko SA and enters the flavor industry.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer Salon de Coiffure opens at 89 Rue de Faubourg, Paris.
- Hazel Bishop, Inc. formed (U.S.).
- Jacqueline Cochran incorporates.
- Max Factor opens a branch in Italy.
- Revlon opens its first foreign factory in Mexico.
- Rallet Corporation of America established in New York as a Coty subsidiary.
- Richard Hudnut purchases Chen Yu, Inc.
- Shulton subsidiary established in Canada.
- Toni Home Permanent Company acquired by Gillette Safety Razor Company.
- Delettez line of beauty products purchased from Universal Laboratories by Associated Brands, Inc.
- Helen Neuschaefer, Inc. moves its headquarters to College Point, New York State.
- Nestle-LeMur merges with the Joubert group of companies (Pinaud, Irresistible, Blue Waltz); acquires Mavis brand of toiletries; and buys Djer-Kiss brand.
- Schieffelin & Company buys Almay, Inc.
- St. Pierre Epilator Company set up by Arthur Hinkel and Henri E. St.Pierre in California.
Harriet Hubbard Ayer
- Armand merged into the Weeks & Leo Company.
- Biotherm skin-care established.
- Clearasil, Inc. founded by Ivan D. Combe in New York.
- Pond’s Extract Company stops distributing its products through Lamont, Corliss and Company and sets up its own selling organisation.
- RoC founded by Jean-Charles Lissarange (France).
- Shulton founds a Fine Chemicals Division.
- Warner & Company and Richard Hudnut realigned into a new corporation, Warner-Hudnut, Inc.
- Wella Hairdressing Requirements GmbH renamed as Well AG.
- Carmen Cosmetics founded by Carmen Murphy in Detroit.
- Pond’s Extract sponsors its first television show (U.S.).
- Adams National Industries (Olay) established in South Africa by Graham Wulff and Jack Lowe.
- Biotherm founded by a group of dermatologists from Molitg-Les-Bains.
- Douglas R. Collins Ltd. (Goya) amalgamates with J. C. & J. Field Ltd. to form the Fields-Goya Cosmetic Group.
- E. R. Squibb & Sons acquired by Mathieson Chemical.
- Gillette Safety Razor Company renamed the Gillette Company.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer relocated to Lever House at 390 Park Avenue, New York; entire line of Harriet Hubbard Ayer creams and lotions repackaged.
- Richards & Appleby Ltd. established (U.K.).
- The Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company renamed as the Colgate-Palmolive Company.
- Cosmair, Inc., New Jersey created; becomes the exclusive licensee of the L’Oréal products in the United States.
- Coty buys a controlling interest in Lucien Lelong, Paris and Lucien Lelong, Inc. Chicago; operations will be conducted by a new corporation, the Lucien Lelong Company.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer begins door-to-door selling.
- Lady Esther acquired by the Lansing Foundation.
- Mathieson Chemical (including Squibb) acquired by Olin Industries to become Olin Mathieson Chemical.
- Max Factor opens a branch in Japan.
- Aziza Eye Cosmetics Company sold to Mauvel Ltd.
- Institut Clarins founded by Jacques Courtin on the Rue Tronchet, Paris. He changed his name to Jacques Courtin-Clarins in 1978.
- Coty, Inc. organises Beauty Products, Inc. to distribute Lucien Lelong, Marie Earle and Lily Daché cosmetics in the U.S.; opens a subsidiary in Germany.
- Lady Esther, Inc. acquired by Zonite Products Corporation from the Lansing Foundation.
- Mary Chess takes over distribution of Peggy Sage in the United States.
- Max Factor starts manufacturing in India.
- Nestle-LeMur buys the American branch of Harriet Hubbard Ayer from Lever Brothers (European operations of Harriet Hubbard Ayer kept by French Unilever; Nestle-LeMur acquires the Nestle brand in England; Harriet Hubbard Ayer stops door-to-door selling.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company, Consolidated merges with the Pond’s Extract Company to form Chesebrough-Pond’s.
- Daggett & Ramsdell take over the manufacture, sale and distribution of Primrose House.
- Fabergé, Inc. buys Julliette Marglen, Inc., manufacturer of nail-care preparations.
- Lakmé Cosmetics launched in India with talcum powder and lipsticks.
- Max Factor establishes a Pharmaceutical Division.
- Milkmaid, Inc. acquired by Nestle-LeMur and integrated with Harriet Hubbard Ayer.
- Nestle-LeMur buys the Canadian branch of Harriet Hubbard Ayer from Lever Brother; and Milkmaid, Inc.which is integrated with the Harriet Hubbard Ayer division.
- Revlon sponsors the television program ‘The $64,000 Question’; Revlon Products Corporation renamed as Revlon, Inc. and goes public; also establishes a Pharmaceutical Division.
- Shulton buys A. Maschmeijer Jr. Ltd., New York.
- Warner-Hudnut merges with Lambert Pharmacal to form the Warner-Lambert Pharmaceutical Company; sells the Courtley line of men’s toiletries to Lee Ltd.; Hudnut salon at 693 Fifth Avenue closes.
- Zonite Products Corporation changes its name to Chemway Corporation.
- Colgate-Palmolive moves its headquarters to New York.
- Helen Curtis Industries becomes a public company; acquires Lenthéric, King’s Men (toiletries), and Jules Montenier, Inc. (Stopette).
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation acquires The Ogilvie Sisters.
- Max Factor acquires Sales Builders, Inc; buys Lee Limited; establishes the Project Development Division for the creation of new products; and opens a new office/laboratory at 1655 North McCadden Place, Hollywood.
- Nestle-LaMer establishes Nestle-LaMer International, Inc. to handle exports.
- Peggy Sage assumes distribution of their products previously distributed by Mary Chess.
- Revlon establishes Thayer Laboratories, a drug division.
- Shulton establishes a Pharmaceutical Division; International Division set up; and becomes a public company.
- Unlever acquires the french company Thibaud Gibbs.
- Warner-Lambert opens a new Du Barry showroom in New York.
- Guerlain opens a third Paris store on Rue de Passy.
- Plough, Inc. buys the Coppertone Sales Company of Miami.
- Shiseido begins international operations.
- Campana Corporation acquired by Allied Laboratories.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s, Inc. acquires Prince Matchabelli, Alfred D. McKelvy (Seaforth) and Sofskin from Vick Chemical Company; Sofskin resold.
- Daggett & Ramsdell merges with the Barcley Corset Company.
- Ingram Menthol Company established by James Field; acquires the Ingram name and goodwill from Bristol-Myers.
- International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. (IFF) formed from the merger between Polak & Schwarz and van Ameringen-Haebler.
- Marcelle Cosmetics, Inc. acquired by The Borden Company.
- Mary Chess buys Parfums Schiaparelli.
- Max Factor merges Pharmaceutical Specialties Division and the U.S. Cosmetics Division; and opens new manufacturing plant and warehouse in Hawthorne, California.
- Parfums Christian Dior acquired by the Möet-Hennessy group.
- Plough, Inc. acquires Lanotan, Inc.
- Revlon, Inc. acquires an interest in Schick, Inc.
- Rexall Drug, Inc. becomes the Rexall Drug & Chemical Company.
- Shulton moves its headquarters to larger offices in the Rockefeller Center; and establishes a subsidiary in Venezuela.
- Adrien Arpel founded by Adrien Arpel.
- Amway Corporation founded.
- Avon enters the British market.
- Bristol-Myers acquires Clairol.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s, Inc. acquires Aziza Eye Cosmetics Division of Mauvel Ltd.
- Colgate-Palmolive purchases the Wildroot Company.
- L’Oréal opens its first international subsidiary in Brazil.
- Revlon acquires Bressard Hair Products Corporation and Bressard Distributors, Inc.; and opens the House of Revlon salon in New York.
- Bourjois, Inc. acquires Helene Pessl, Inc.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Northam Warren (Peggy Sage, Cutex, Odor-O-No, Glazo, Keen Edge Cutlery).
- Coty sells Marie Earle, Lucien LeLong, and Lilly Daché to Mary Chess.
- Dow Chemical Company acquires Allied Laboratories including Campana.
- Estée Lauder commences international operations with an account at Harrods.
- Fields-Goya bought by Reckitt & Sons, a division of Reckitt & Colman Ltd.
- Kanebo acquires Kanegafuchi Chemical Industries.
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation acquires Noreen, Inc.
- Mary Chess, Inc. acquires Parfums Lucien LeLong, Inc.; moves to 597 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- National Toilet Company of Paris, Tennessee, acquired by the Chattem Drug and Chemical Company.
- Revlon acquires Les Parfums Pierre Balmain SA Paris and Realistic Company of Cincinnati; establishes Revlon Professional aimed at the professional salon industry.
- Shulton acquires Tecnique, Inc.
- Studio Girl acquired by Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.
- Vick Chemical Company buys Clearasil, Inc. and changes its name to Richardson-Merrell, Inc.
- W. J. Bush & Co Ltd. (including Potter & Moore) acquired by Albright & Wilson.
- Charles of the Ritz becomes a public company.
- Chas. Pfizer purchases the Thomas Leeming & Company Ltd. and Pacquin, Inc.
- Germaine Monteil becomes available in the U.K.
- Helena Curtis enters U.K. market.
- Lanolin Plus acquires Lilly Daché Cosmetics, Inc.
- Max Factor becomes a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange; acquires Parfums Corday, Inc. and its subsidiaries; and opens a new distribution centre in Des Plaines, Illinois.
- Monsavon acquired by Procter & Gamble.
- Redken Laboratories, Inc. launched by Paula Kent Meeham.
- Revlon opens the House of Revlon salon at 698 Fifth Avenue, New York.
- Shulton buys the Aerosol Corporation of America; establishes a Home Products Division and Colfax Laboratories.
- Braun becomes Braun AG, a publicly traded company.
- Chas. Pfizer acquires the Barbasol Company.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Q-Tips, Inc. and Vasenol Werke (West Germany); sells Seaforth to Mary Chess.
- Daggett & Ramsdell sold to Exquisite Form Industries, Inc.
- Helene Curtis Industries Ltd. creates Studio Girl division to sell door-to-door.
- Innoxa opens its first beauty salon abroad in Cyprus.
- Kryolan GmbH acquires the make-up firm Brandel GmbH.
- Natone renamed Neutrogena Corporation.
- Hazel Bishop, Inc. and Lanolin Plus merge to form Bishop Industries.
- Purex Corporation Ltd. buys Campana Corporation from the Dow Chemical Company.
- Revlon Research Centre, Inc. established in New York.
- American Cyanamid acquires Breck.
- Bunting Chemical Company merges with the Noxzema Chemical Company.
- ChapStick rights sold to A. H. Robbins Company.
- Coty and Coty International acquired by Chas. Pfizer, Inc.
- Estée Lauder begins national advertising.
- Givaudan acquired by Roche.
- Lanvin Parfums Ltd. acquires Jean Naté.
- L’Oréal lists on the Paris stock exchange.
- Marinello Schools purchased by Scope Industries with headquarters located in Los Angeles.
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. becomes Dunhill Toiletries Ltd.
- Mary Kay founded by Mary Kay Ash in Dallas, Texas.
- René Guinot establishes René Guinot Company (France).
- Revlon manufacturing and sales established in Japan.
- Shulton acquires the E. Wright Company, Decatur, Illinois.
- William Warner & Co. Ltd. of England acquires the DuBarry Perfumery Co. Ltd. of Hove, Sussex, England.
- Charles of the Ritz merges with Lanvin to form Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc.
- Fabergé, Inc. sold to Rayette, Inc. which changed its name to Rayette-Fabergé, Inc
- International Flavors & Fragrances (I.F.F.) becomes a public company.
- L’Oréal acquires Lancôme.
- John Robert Powers Products Co., Inc. bought by The Borden Company.
- Max Factor opens a new regional office in the Bankers Trust Building at 280 Park Avenue, New York.
- Nestle-LeMur buys Lucien Lelong, Marie Earle and Seaforth from Mary Chess, Inc.
- Revlon acquires Belvedere Products, makers of salon equipment and Belmont Laboratories (Mazon dermatologicals).
- Beecham acquires Margaret Astor.
- Clairol announces they are entering the cosmetics business.
- Hazel Bishop acquires Raymond Research Corporation.
- L’Oréal acquires Garnier.
- Max Factor opens a new distribution centre n Gardena, California.
- The Polly Bergen Company established by Polly Bergen.
- Richards & Appleby Ltd. appointed as distributors of Maybelline.
- House of Westmore Hollywood beauty salon closes.
- Revlon sells Schick Electric, Inc.
- Shulton acquires Jacqueline Cochran; and establishes a Franchise Cosmetics Division.
- Albright & Wilson form Bush Boake Allen Ltd. from the merger of W. J. Bush & Co. Ltd. (including Potter & Moore), A. Boake Roberts & Co. Ltd. and Stafford Allen & Sons Ltd.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Erno Laszlo Institute.
- Jean Patou, Inc., the U.S. affiliate of Jean Patou, Paris, bought by The Borden Company.
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation (including Dorothy Gray, Tussy) acquired by Sterling Drug, Inc.
- Noxzema Chemical Company changes its name to Noxell Corporation.
- Orlane opens the Institut Orlane in Avenue George V, Paris.
- Revlon acquires the U.S. Vitamin & Pharmaceutical Corporation and Raphael Parfums SA France.
- Rexall Drug & Chemical Company acquires Vanda Cosmetics.
- Shulton buys J. Warren Kane, Inc. which becomes Carven Distributors, Inc. after a name change.
- Beecham Group acquires Lancaster, Monte Carlo.
- Bristol Myers and the Mead Johnson Company merge.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Royall Lyme Ltd., makers of men’s toiletries.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company AG changes its name to Beiersdorf AG.
- Gillette acquires Braun AG.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer sold to the Standard Metals Corporation.
- Hazel Bishop acquires Veri-Tone of Newark, N.J. and Beadmore, Inc.
- Icilma products withdrawn from sale.
- Lavin-Charles of the Ritz acquires Dureen Soap Corporation.
- Maybelline acquired by Plough, Inc.
- Revlon acquires the U.S. Vitamin and Pharmaceutical Corporation.
- Shiseido cosmetics established in America.
- Shulton merges Colfax Laboratories into its Cosmetics & Toiletries Division and Carven perfumes into Jacqueline Cochran; also acquires world-wide distribution rights of Pierre Cardin perfumes and toiletries.
- Standard Metals Corporation acquires Michel Cosmetics, Inc., Harriet Hubbard Ayer, Inc. and the Herb Farm Shops Ltd.
- Yardley bought by British-American Tobacco (BAT).
- Albright & Wilson (who own Potter & Moore Ltd.) sold to E. C. de Witt & Co.
- Beech-Nut Life Savers merges with Squibb (part of the Olin Corporation) to form the Squibb Beech-Nut Corporation.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s buys Societe Francaise de Distribution, S.A. (SFD) and Consortium Mediterranee de Parfumerie S.A. (CMP).
- Dell Laboratories (formerly Maradel Products) acquires Mary Chess, Inc. and Schiaparelli, Inc.
- Dunhill SA acquires Les Parfums de Molyneux SA.
- Eve of Roma acquired by American Gillette.
- Goya sold to Christopher Collins, son of the company founder, by Reckitt & Colman Ltd.
- Jovan, Inc. formed in Chicago, Illinois.
- Max Factor acquires the Denver Chemical Manufacturing Company of Stamford, Connecticut.
- Orlane acquired by Morton-Norwich.
- Revlon’s Professional Products division moves to New York; adds Cosmetics and Fragrances Division and Revlon Development Corporation.
- Rexall Drug & Chemical Company acquires Beauty Counselors and Cort-Romney Cosmetics Company.
- Carmen Cosmetics buys the American interests of the Rose Laird Cosmetic Company.
- Germain Monteil acquired by British-American Tobacco (BAT).
- Mary Kay acquires Goodier, Inc. and Rachel York Pty. Ltd.
- Minnetonka Laboratories buys Milkmaid Cosmetics of New York.
- Rayette-Fabergé, Inc. renamed as Fabergé, Inc.
- Rexall Drug & Chemical becomes Dart Industries; Beauty Counselors, Vanda Cosmetics and Cort-Romney Cosmetics merge to form Vanda Beauty Counselors.
- Andrew Jergens acquired by American Brands.
- British-American Tobacco (BAT) creates a cosmetic division, British-American Cosmetics (BAC).
- Chas. Pfizer & Company is renamed Pfizer, Inc.
- Cyclax acquired by Lehman Brothers on behalf of private investors.
- Elizabeth Arden acquired by Eli Lilly.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer withdraws from the British market.
- Les Parfums de Molyneux SA sold by Dunhill SA.
- L’Oréal acquires Biotherm.
- Marie Earle acquired by the Hichens Chemical Company.
- Revlon acquires Mitchum Company of Tennessee, makers of antiperspirants and other toiletries; merged with Thayer Laboratories to form the Mitchum-Thayer Division.
- Smith & Nephew acquires the Myram Picker Group (Gala, Outdoor Girl, Miners, Mary Quant).
- Warner-Lambert buys the Schick wet-shave product line from Eversharp; acquires Parke-Davis.
- Goya sold to International Chemical Industries (I.C.I.).
- Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz acquired by Squibb-Beechnut which then changes its name to Squibb Corporation.
- Plough merges with Schering to become the Schering-Plough Corporation.
- Polly Bergen acquired by Gulf & Western Industries.
- Revlon closes the House of Revlon salon in New York.
- Rimmel acquired by I.T.T. from Carlton Industries.
- Shulton acquired by American Cyanamid.
- Guinot acquired by Jean-Daniel Mondin.
- Mary Chess Ltd. acquired by Robert Patterson; becomes Mary Chess London.
- Revlon closes the House of Revlon salon.
- Coty and Coty International unite.
- Gemey acquired by L’Oréal.
- Dunhill acquires controlling interest in Richards & Appleby Ltd.
- Helena Rubinstein, Inc. acquired by Colgate-Palmolive.
- Jafra Cosmetics acquired by Gillette.
- Max Factor bought by Norton Simon, Inc.
- Neutrogena becomes a public company.
- Polly Bergen sold to Fabergé.
- L’Oréal signs agreement with Nestlé and introduces the Lancôme brand into the U.S.
- Hazel Bishop becomes a division of Toiletry Products of America.
- Anita Roddick opens the first Body Shop in Brighton, England.
- Clinique La Prairie acquired by Armin Mattli.
- Dunhill opens new cosmetics and toiletries factory in Lancashire.
- Kryolan opens its first subsidiary in California.
- Ricils acquired by L’Oréal and attached to Gemey.
- Sea & Ski sold to Smith Klein and French.
- L’Oreal acquires Societe de Fabrication et de Distribution de Parfumerie et Cosmetique Diparco SA.
- Revlon acquires Carlos Colomer, a Spanish professional beauty supply distributor.
- Shulton (American Cyanamid) sells their CornSilk line to the Chattem Drug and Chemical Company.
- Avon acquires Tiffany.
- Chattem Drug and Chemical Company changes its name to Chattem, Inc.
- Frances Denney acquired by William Fine and a group of investors.
- House of Westmore, Inc. acquired by Syntex, Inc.
- La Prairie Cosmetics established by Armin Mattli in Switzerland.
- Rimmel U.K. acquired by Schering-Plough.
- Unilever creates Parfums Roberre Ltd. from Pierre Robert, Harriet Hubbard Ayer and Atkinsons .
- Beecham acquires Jovan, Inc.
- Colgate-Palmolive sells Helena Rubinstein to Albi Enterprises, Inc.
- Diadermine sold to Henkel Kosmetik GmbH.
- Frances Denney acquired by Delalande SA, a French pharmaceutical company.
- L’Oréal purchases Vicky.
- Max Factor (Norton Simon) acquires Gala Cosmetics, Mary Quant, Outdoor Girl and Miners from Myram Picker (Smith & Nephew).
- Neutrogena expands into hair-care products.
- Richardson-Merrell, Inc. acquired by Dow Chemical Company; name changed to Richardson-Vicks, Inc.
- Warner-Lambert acquires the Schick dry shave products and trademarks from Schick, Inc.
- Shiseido begins marketing cosmetics in China.
- Armin Mattli sells Laboratories La Prairie to American Cyanamid.
- Sterex Electrolysis International Ltd. founded (U.K.).
- Wella AG acquires Rene Garraud SA a French cosmetic manufacturing firm.
- Zotos purchased by Conair Corporation from R. L. Evans Jr.
- Almay Cosmetics acquired by Playtex International.
- Diane Von Furstenberg cosmetics acquired by Beecham.
- Norton Simon (includes Max Factor) acquired by Esmark.
- Wella AG becomes a public company; acquires the remaining stock in Wella U.S.A., Wella Canada and Wella Puerto Rico.
- British-American Cosmetics (BAC) (Yardley, Lentheric, Cyclax and Germaine Monteil) acquired by Beecham from British-American Tobacco (BAT).
- Esmark merges with Beatrice Foods. Max Factor put into the Playtex beauty division.
- Fabergé, Inc. sold to the McGregor Corporation (a public apparel company) which goes private and later changes its name to Fabergé.
- Kao enters the cosmetics market (Sofina cosmetics).
- L’Oréal acquires Ralph Lauren Fragrances.
- Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (M.A.C.) founded in Toronto, Canada by Frank Toskan and Frank Angelo.
- Jurlique founded by Jurgen and Ulrike Klein in South Australia.
- Revlon acquired by Pantry Pride, a subsidiary of MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings and becomes a private company.
- Richardson-Vicks, Inc. (Pantene, Olay, Clearasil and Vicks) sold to Procter & Gamble.
- Unilever sells Harriet Hubbard Ayer to Imperial Kosmetic GmbH.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquired by Unilever.
- Dermalogica founded by Jane Wurwand (Los Angeles).
- Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc. acquired by Yves Saint Laurent.
- Pantry Pride changes its name to Revlon Group, Inc. and acquires the Playtex beauty division (includes Max Factor, Almay and Halston Fragrances).
- American Cyanamid sells Jacqueline Cochran, Inc. and Laboratories La Prairie to Sanofi SA, who then on-sold La Prairie to Georgette Mosbacher.
- Elizabeth Arden Company acquired by Fabergé, Inc. from Eli Lilly.
- U.S. rights to Germaine Monteil acquired by Revlon Group, Inc. from Beecham.
- Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc. (including Alexandra de Markoff and Bain de Soleil tanning products but excluding Yves Saint Laurent Beauté and Charles of the Ritz perfumes) sold to Revlon.
- Revlon Group, Inc. goes public.
- Wella AG acquires Parfum Rochas SA.
- Andrew Jergens acquired by Kao.
- Braun acquires French hair remover manufacturer Silk-Epil.
- Procter & Gamble acquires Noxell Corporation, makers of Noxzema products and Cover Girl.
- Rigaud acquired by Perigot Ltd.
- Sterling Drug, Inc. (includes Lehn & Fink) acquired by Eastman Kodak.
- Zotos International purchased by Shiseido Co. Ltd. from Conair Corporation.
- Beechman merges with SmithKline to form SmithKline Beecham.
- Bristol-Myers merged with Squibb to create Bristol-Myers Squibb.
- Betrix, a German make-up and fragrance maker, acquired by Revlon.
- Kao gains controlling interest in Goldwell GmbH.
- L’Oréal acquires Helena Rubinstein (U.S.) and Laboratories la Roche-Posay.
- Revlon Group, Inc. acquires Betrix Cosmetics GmbH.
- Unilever acquires Calvin Klein Cosmetics, Fabergé, Rimmel and Elizabeth Arden.
- Beiersdorf AG acquires Juvena.
- Frances Denney acquired by Colonia, Inc., the U.S. subsidiary of Mulhens Parfumerie-Fabrik, Cologne, West Germany.
- Lancaster acquired by Joh. A. Benckiser GmbH.
- Lehn & Fink Products Corporation (includes Dorothy Gray, Tussy) renamed L&F Products.
- Maybelline, Yardley, Cyclax, Monteil and Lenthéric acquired by the investor group Wasserstein Perella & Company from Schering-Plough and SmithKline Beecham to be operated through the Old Bond Street Corporation.
- Shulton (American Cyanamid) sells their Old Spice line to Procter & Gamble.
- Beiersdorf AG acquires Laboratories La Prairie SA.
- Bobbi Brown established by Bobbi Brown in New York.
- Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (MAC) opens first store in the United States.
- Mary Chess bought by the Fine Fragrances and Cosmetic Group, London.
- Max Factor and Betrix acquired by Procter & Gamble from Revlon.
- Revlon Group, Inc. sells the U.S. rights to Germaine Monteil and Lancaster to John A. Benckiser GmbH (West Germany); sells its Clean and Clear skin-care range to Johnson & Johnson Products, Inc.
- Sassaby Inc. founded by Leonie Mateer and Kevin Jasper in California.
- Clarins invests in Thierry Mugler Couture.
- Colgate-Palmolive acquires the Mennen Company.
- Coty and Quintessence acquired by Joh. A. Benckiser GmbH (German household-products giant) from Pfizer.
- Diparco (L’Oréal) re-named Gemey Paris.
- Revlon sells Princess Marcella Borghese and Halston Enterprises to a Saudi investment group who establish Halston Borghese International Limited.
- Unilever establishes the Prestige Personal Products Group, which included Elizabeth Arden and Calvin Klein.
- Benckiser GmbH merges Coty with Quintessence, Inc.
- Estée Lauder signs a global licensing agreement with designer Tommy Hilfiger.
- Frances Denney acquired by The Stephan Company from Mulhens Parfumerie-Fabrik.
- L’Oréal acquires Redken 5th Avenue.
- Prince Matchabelli brands sold by Unilever to Parfums de Coeur.
- Revlon announces the formation of Revlon Professional Worldwide.
- RoC Skincare sold by LVMH to Johnson & Johnson.
- Warner-Lambert acquires Wilkinson Sword.
- Wella AG acquires Sebastien International.
- Deborah Group acquires Rouge Baiser.
- Estée Lauder acquires majority equity interest in Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (M.A.C.).
- Guerlain acquired by Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy (L.V.M.H.).
- International Classic Brands established by David Reiner.
- Jane Cosmetics founded by Sassaby, Inc.
- L’Oréal acquires Cosmair.
- Neutrogena Corporation acquired by Johnson & Johnson.
- L&F Products (includes Dorothy Gray, Tussy) acquired by Reckitt & Colman, Pty. Ltd. from Eastman Kodak.
- Wella AG acquires Müelhens K.G.
- American Cyanamid bought by American Home Products Corporation.
- Clarins acquires Azzaro Parfums.
- Colgate-Palmolive Company acquire Kolynos Oral Care.
- Erno Laszlo sold by Elizabeth Arden (Unilever) to Mana Products, New York.
- Estée Lauder acquires Bobbi Brown; luxury skin-care brand La Mer; and signs a global licensing agreement with Kiton, an Italian fashion house, for beauty products.
- L’Oréal acquires Jade (Germany).
- Peggy Sage purchased by Collomb family.
- Revlon Holdings, Inc. sells Alexandra de Markoff cosmetics and fragrances to Parlux Fragrances.
- Coty renamed Coty Beauty (Benckiser) and acquires Unilever’s European make-up brands including Rimmel and a license to make Cutex products in Europe and elsewhere.
- Helene Curtis acquired by Unilever; North American Helene Curtis professional hair-care line then sold to Shiseido.
- L’Oréal acquires Maybelline and the Chilean company Unisa.
- Revlon becomes a public company again.
- Beiersdorf AG acquires the Polish company Pollena-Lechia; completes the repurchase of the Nivea trademarks it lost after the Second World War.
- Cutex (American and Puerto-Rican) acquired by Carson, Inc. from Unilever.
- Estée Lauder signs a licensing agreement with American fashion designer Donna Karan; acquires Aveda Corporation; buys Sassaby Inc.
- Perricone M.D. founded by Dr. Nicholas Perricone.
- Proctor & Gamble acquire Tambrands (Tampax).
- Unilever sells the Japanese Helene Curtis professional hair-care line to Shiseido.
- Wella consolidates in the holding company, Cosmopolitan Cosmetics GmbH.
- Braun AG is transformed into a private company.
- Estée Lauder completes its acquisition of Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (MAC); first MAC Pro Store opens in SoHo, New York.
- L’Oréal merges Gemey and Maybelline; acquires Soft Sheen Products (makes products for ethnic hair-types).
- Perricone M.D. renamed N.V. Perricone M.D.
- Playtex Products, Inc. acquires the Personal Products Division of Reckitt & Colman, Pty. Ltd. (including Dorothy Gray, Tussy).
- Estée Lauder acquires Stila Cosmetics, Inc.
- Coty introduces the Rimmel make-up line into the U.S.
- Cutex nail polish remover business in the U.S. acquired by the investment firm, the Shansby Group.
- Cyclax acquired by Richards & Appleby Ltd.
- Reckitt & Colman, Pty. Ltd. and Benckiser N.V. merge to form Reckitt Benckiser.
Allen, M. (1981). Selling dreams: Inside the beauty business. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
Balsam, M. S., & Sagarin, E. (Eds.). (1972). Cosmetics: Science and technology (2nd. ed.). New York: Interscience Publishers.
Corson, R. (1972). Fashions in make-up: From ancient to modern times. London: Peter Owen.
De Castelbajac, K. (1995). The face of the century: 100 years of make-up style. London: Thames and Hudson.
Jones, G. (2010). Beauty imagined: A history of the global beauty industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Peiss, K. (2007). Hope in a jar: The making of America’s beauty culture. New York: Henry Holt and Company.