Stories from the history and science of cosmetics, skin care and early Beauty Culture.
- Floris established in London by Juan Famenias Floris.
- Potter & Moore founded by John Potter (a physic gardener) and James Moore.
- Chiris founded by Antoine Chiris in Grasse, France.
- Soap and perfumery business that will become Yardley established by Samuel Cleaver.
- L. T. Piver Co. founded by Pierre-Guillaume Dissey in Paris.
- Jean F. Houbigant opens a perfume shop in Saint-Honoré, Paris.
- Swedish druggist, Dr Karl Wilhelm discovers glycerine.
- Pears Soap founded in England.
- James Atkinson, the elder, sets up business in Gerald Street.
- Abel Porter & Co. (a button shop) established by Abel Porter that will become the Scovill Manufacturing Company (U.S.).
- Roger & Gallet founded (France).
- William Colgate starts a factory that makes soap, candles and starch (U.S.).
- William Colgate partners with Francis Smith to form Smith & Colgate.
- Abel Porter & Co. sold to Leavenworth, Hatden & Scovill.
- Merck and company established (Germany).
- E. Pinaud founded (France).
- William Yardley gains control of the Cleaver soap and perfumery business.
- House of Guerlain founded (France) and Paris shop opened
- A. Napoleon Bourjois inspired by the actresses of the Comédie Français creates a face powder that he sells from a hand cart.
- House of Rimmel founded by Eugene Rimmel in London.
- Procter (English candle maker) & Gamble (Irish soap maker) open factory in Cincinatti.
- Charles Yardley takes on a partner to form Yardley & Statham.
- Ed. Pinaud acquires the title to the business of Mr. Besançon from his successor M. LeGrand ‘A la Corbeille Fleurie’.
- Boots, The Chemists founded by John Boot (U.K.).
- Charles Pfizer and Charles F. Erhart (his brother-in-law) form a partnership (U.S.).
- The T. T. Pond Company formed by Theron Pond, Alexander Hart, and Edmund Munson.
- John Tetlow purchases a soap business from a Philadelphian who went to the gold rush.
- Scovill Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Beecham Ltd. founded (U.K.).
- E.R Squibb established in New York.
- C. B. Woodworth founded in New York by Chauncey B. Woodworth.
- William R. Warner forms William R. Warner Pharmaceuticals..
- Meyer Brothers Drug Co. established in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- Smith & Colgate becomes Colgate & Company.
- Robert Augustus Chesebrough begins manufacturing petroleum products.
- House of Roger & Gallet founded by Armand Roger and Charles Gallet.
- Joseph-Albert Ponsin establishes a business to create make-up and perfumes for performers (Paris).
- B. J. Johnson Soap Company formed in Milwaukee (will later become Palmolive).
- Milner established to make professional stage makeup.
- J. Walter Thompson Company founded by William James Carlton (U.S.).
- Meyer Brothers Drug Co. established in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- Florence Manufacturing Company founded.
- Parke-Davis founded in Detroit by Harvey C. Parke and George S. Davis.
- Alexandre-Napoléon Bourjois purchases Joseph Ponsin’s cosmetic business.
- Dr. Charles Browne Fleet opens pharmacy in Lynchburg, U.S.A.
- Benjamin Levy founds Ben Levy Co. of Boston to make LaBlache face powder.
- Kimberly, Clark & Company founded in Neenah, Wisconsin, by John A. Kimberly, Charles B. Clark, Frank C. Shattuck, and Havilah Babcock.
- Yushin Fukuhara, opens the Shiseido Pharmacy (Japan).
- Peet Brothers Manufacturing Co. founded in Kansas City by Jesse, William and Robert Peet to manufacture soap.
- Pond’s Extract Company Limited established in London.
- Leichner founded by Ludwig Leichner to manufacture greasepaint.
- Samual Colgate & Co. agrees to distribute Vaseline products.
- C. W. Briggs & Sons Co. founded. Makers of Marcelle Toilet Preparations.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company established by Robert Chesebrough.
- Lehn & Fink founded in New York.
- A.S. Hinds Company founded.
- J. Walter Thompson Company renamed as the James Walter Thompson Company.
- Pond’s Extract opens a branch in London.
- Mennen Company founded.
Recamier Manufacturing Company
- Paul C. Beiersdorf opens pharmacy in Hamburg.
- Burroughs Wellcome & Company founded in London by American pharmacists Henry Wellcome and Silas Burroughs.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Western Soap Company started by Andrew Jergens.
- Richard Hudnut begins selling perfumes from a New York pharmacy owned by this father.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company becomes majority owned by Standard Oil.
- Dr. Joseph Lawrence sells his formula for Listerine to Jordan Wheat Lambert.
- Jordan Wheat Lambert, founds Lambert Pharmacal Company.
- Andrew Jergens Soap Company founded by Andrew Jergens Sr. and Charles H. Geilfus.
- P. Beiersdorf & Company founded to manufacture medical plasters.
- Bronnleys, makers of fine soaps, founded (U.K.).
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company formed from the Weeks & Potter Drug Company.
- J. A. Pozzoni Company formed.
- Frederick F. Ingram Co. established by Frederick F. Ingram.
- Monsieur Guillaume Lenthéric opens first salon and laboratory at 245 St Honoré.
- Lever and Co. (Lever Brothers) founded by William and James Lever (U.K.).
- Recamier Manufacturing Company founded by Harriet Hubbard Ayer.
- California Perfume Company founded by David H. McConnell.
- Johnson & Johnson founded by Robert Wood Johnson and brothers James Wood & Edward Mead Johnson.
- Pond’s Extract launches its first national advertising campaign in the U.S. using the services of the J. Walter Thompson Company.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) commence first international advertising.
- William R. Warner & Company founded by William R. Warner.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company founded by John R. Myers, William M. Bristol, John Clark and Lafayette Moore (will later become Bristol-Myers).
- Johnson & Johnson incorporates (U.S.).
- Kao Soap Company, Ltd. founded (Japan).
- Recamier Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Recamier skin creams introduced into England.
- M. Stein Cosmetic Company founded to make theatrical creams and greasepaint (U.S.).
- Dow (Midland) Chemical Company founded (U.S.).
- Martha M. Harper starts a business in Rochester N.Y State.
- Richard Hudnut Pharmacy established (N.Y.C.).
- Lehn & Fink acquired by the Plaut family.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company incorporates.
- Eugene Rimmel incorporates as a limited liability company.
A. Bourjois & Company
- Beiersdorf sold to Oscar Troplowitz.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company reorganises and becomes Bristol-Myers Co.
- Alexandre-Napoléon Bourjois builds factory in Pantin.
- Daggett & Ramsdell established by Volney Chaplin Daggett and Clifford Ramsdell.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer founded by Mrs Lillian Dodge widow of B. P. Thomas.
- Kimberly & Clark Company incorporates.
- Lever and Co. becames a limited liability company, Lever Brothers Ltd.
- Proctor & Gamble incorporates.
- Yardley becomes a Joint Stock Company.
- A. Bourjois & Cie formed by Alexander Bourjois and Emile Orosdi (France).
- Maurice Levy founded by Felix Levy.
- Peet Brothers Manufacturing Co. incorporates.
- Proctor & Gamble start national advertising campaign in magazines.
- Beiersdorf signs agreement with Lehn & Fink.
- German Oil & Chemical Co. founded by Francis W. Jones.
- Martha Matilda Harper founded.
- Andrew Jergens Company takes over the manufacture of Woodbury products.
- Californian Perfume Company opens first laboratory in Suffern, New York.
- Klytia Institute founded in Paris by Marie Valentin Le Brun.
- Lever Brothers established in the United States.
- Frances Forsythe opens a beauty business in Mayfair using the name Mrs. Frances Hemming (U.K.).
- Hoffman-La Roche, Inc founded (Switzerland).
- Recamier Manufacturing Company goes into receivership.
- Cyclax founded (U.K.).
- D. Weeks Company formed by Deyet Weeks in Iowa.
- Monsanto Chemical Company established (U.S.).
- Emile Orsosdi (Bourjois et Cie) enters into partnership with Ernest Wertheimer.
- B. J. Johnson formed.
- Benjamin Brooke and Co. acquired by Lever Brothers Ltd.
- Eleanor Adair establishes salon in London
- Beiersdor branch established in London.
- Californian Perfume Company opens its first laboratories in Suffern, N. Y.
- Clinton Pharmaceutical Company incorporates as Bristol-Myers Co.
- Charles Pfizer & Company, Inc. incorporates.
- George Westmore opens a hair dressing salon, Newport (U.S.).
- The American Safety Razor Company formed in Boston by King Camp Gillette.
- Helena Rubinstein opens first salon in Melbourne.
- Rexall Drug Company established in Boston.
- Coty founded in Paris by François Spoturno.
- Alfred H. Smith Company (importers of Djer-Kiss) incorporates.
- Marinello Company founded by Ruth D. Maurer.
- Pompeian Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Theodore Welcher and Lowell M. Palmer buy E. R. Squibb & Sons after the death of Dr Edward R. Squibb.
- Yardley opens their first wholesale outlet in Australia.
- Pure Food and Drugs Act (U.S.) passed.
- American Cyanamid founded by Frank Washburn.
- Daggett & Ramsdell retire from the retail trade.
- Elmo founded by Mary and Margaret Elmo.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer Company established by Vincent Benjamin Thomas.
- Helena Rubinstein Pty. Ltd. founded.
- Helena Rubinstein opens salon in Sydney.
- Lehn & Fink acquires A. S. Hinds Company, makers of Hinds’ Honey and Almond Cream.
- Princess Pat Ltd. established by Max Martin Gordon and his wife Fannie Gordon.
- Coty opens first shop in Paris.
- Coty moves business centre to Suresnes.
- Helena Rubinstein opens London and New Zealand salons.
- Max Factor opens a theatrical make-up and hair goods shop at 326 South Hill Street, Los Angeles.
- William R. Warner Company acquired by Henry and Gustavus A. Pfeiffer & Company.
- California Perfume Company moves headquarters to New York.
- Charles Nessler opens a shop in London after leaving his barber-surgeon job in Switzerland.
- Florence Graham and Elizabeth Hubbard open a salon in New York.
- Helena Rubinstein opens Paris salon.
- Max Factor & Company founded.
- Société Française des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux founded by Eugène Schueller.
- Orosdi and Wertheimer open ‘Galleries Lafayette’ (Paris).
- Madame Walker starts business selling hair treatments (U.S.).
- Bourjois, Inc. established in the United States.
- Charles Ritz opens a hairdressing business in the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, New York.
- Coty opens London and Moscow subsidiaries.
- Elizabeth Arden opens her first salon in New York.
- Institute Marie Earle established in Paris by Marie Earle.
- Beiersdorf purchases patent for Eucerit skin cream.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company becomes an independent entity after the breakup of Standard Oil.
- Lashbrow Laboratories started by Benjamin Ansehl (U.S.).
- Louis Philippe, Inc. NYC established by Louis Philippe.
- Harold F. Ritchie & Co. Ltd. founded by Harold F. Ritchie.
- Wildroot Company established in Buffalo.
- Coty opens in New York.
- Melba Manufacturing Company incorporates.
- Rights to Chapstick sold to John Morton who establishes the Morton Manufacturing Corporation to market it.
- House of Bourjois opens in U.S.
- Dorin cosmetics introduced to England and America from Paris.
- Harper Method founded by Martha Matilda Harper.
- Houbigant starts business in New York.
- Lady Esther founded by Syma Cohen.
- Northam Warren Company founded (Cutex).
- Elizabeth Arden opens second salon in Washington, D.C.
- Department stores begin to stock Arden’s Venetian line.
- German Oil & Chemical Co. incorporates as Melba Manufacturing Company.
- Guerlain opens second Paris store.
- Helena Rubinstein begins wholesaling in the U.S.
- Lever Bothers Ltd. acquires interest in Pears Soap.
- Peggy Sage established.
- V. Vivaudou Co., Inc. established.
- Charles Nessler leaves England and opened a shop on East 46th Street NYC. Nestle Co. organised by Charles Nessler in New York.
- Elcaya Company, Inc. New York, incorporates.
- Helena Rubinstein opens New York salon.
- Louis Philippe, Inc., New York incorporates.
- The Northam Warren Co., New York, incorporates.
- T.L. Williams founds Maybell Laboratories (Maybelline).
- C. B. Woodworth Sons Co. acquired by State Securities Co. which then incorporates.
- Armand Company incorporates under the leadership of Carl Weeks.
- Elizabeth Arden opens laboratory.
- Dorothy Gray opens her first salon in New York.
- Helena Rubinstein Beauty Products Manufacturing Company, Inc., New York, incorporates.
- B. J. Johnson Soap Company incorporates as Palmolive Co.
- Perfumeria Myrurgia Ltd. established in Barcelona, Spain.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) open laboratory in England.
- J. A. Pozzoni Pharmacal Company and Richard Hudnut acquired by William R. Warner & Co.
- Helena Rubinstein opens salons in San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, Chicago, and Toronto.
- Lehn & Fink, Inc., New York, incorporates.
- Marie Earle opens her first U.S. salon in New York.
- Morny begin to export cosmetics (U.K.).
- Bourjois opens London office.
- Charles Jundt buys the hairdressing salon at the Ritz-Carlton and starts what will become Charles of the Ritz.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) open a laboratory in Australia.
- Aziza founded by Nina Sussman in Paris.
- Paul C. Beiersdorf changes its name to P. Beiersdorf & Co. GmbH.
- Boots acquired by the United Drug Company (U.S.).
- Cellucotton Products Company established by Kimberley-Clark.
- Lever Bothers Ltd. absorbs Pears Soap.
- Noxzema Chemical Company opens first factory.
- House of Tangee founded by George W. Luft.
- Plough Chemical Company founded by Abe Plough in Memphis Tennessee.
- D. Weeks Company and the D. C. Leo Company purchased by Armand Company.
- William R. Warner & Co. incorporates.
- Yardley converted into a Public Limited Liability Company.
- Beiersdorf establishes an affiliate in the U.S.A.
- Bourjois begins manufacturing in the U.K.
- Max Braun establishes an equipment manufacturing workshop in Frankfurt, Germany.
- Potter Drug & Chemical Company (Cuticura) open laboratory in Canada.
- Yardley opens a New York branch.
- P. Beiersdorf & Co. GmbH changes its name to P. Beiersdorf & Co. AG.
- Elizabeth Arden opens London salon.
- Coty, Inc. formed in America to avoid import duties.
- Frostilla Co. incorporates.
- Lehn & Fink acquire the right to make Lysol.
- Bristol Myers (owners of Ipana toothpaste) begin radio advertising (U.S.).
- Gemey founded in France.
- Maybell Laboratories renamed Maybelline.
- Pacquin, Inc. formed.
- Fabergé et Cie begun by Alexander and Eugène Carl (Paris).
- Johnson & Johnson opens first overseas company in the U.K.
- Le Mur Co. organised in Cleveland.
- Société Anonyme Française Alfred Dunhill (S.A.FAD) formed (France).
- Parfumerie Rigaud, Inc. established (U.S.).
- Henry Tetlow incorporates as Henry Tetlow & Co.
- V. Vivaudou, Inc. acquired by D. A.Schulte.
- Yardley purchases the French perfumery Viville, which operates as Viville-Yardley until the 1930s.
- Coty, Inc. (U.S.) becomes a publicly traded company.
- Elizabeth Arden opens Paris salon.
- Lehn & Fink, Inc. acquires A. S. Hinds. Co of Portland, Maine. Both companies to be controlled by a new holding company, Lehn & Fink Products Co.
- Richard Hudnut opens factory and laboratory at Suresnes, Paris.
- Peggy Sage established in U.S.
- V. Vivavidou, Inc. acquires Alfred H. Smith Co., importers of Djer-Kiss.
- Charles Jundt adopts Charles of the Ritz as a trademark for his cosmetics.
- Celma Co. purchase Marie Barlow.
- Coty acquires Rallet and an interest in Marie Earle.
- Dorothy Gray acquired by Lehn & Fink.
- I. G. Farbenindustrie founded (Germany).
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. founded in London. Opens hairdressing salon in Bayswater.
- Marie Barlow opens new salon and product line in New York.
- Martha Matilda Harper incorporates.
- Northam Warren Corporation acquires Elcaya Co., Inc.
- The Palmolive Company and Peet Brothers Manufacturing Co. merge to form the Palmolive-Peet Co.
- V. Vivavidou, Inc. acquires the Melba Manufacturing Company (name changed to Parfumerie Melba).
- Bonnie Bell founded (U.S.).
- Cellucotton Products Company becomes the International Cellucotton Products Company after numerous name changes.
- Glyco Chemicals, Inc. founded.
- George W. Luft Company founded by George W. Luft.
- Lenthéric acquired by E. R. Squibb & Sons.
- Luxor Ltd. appointed sole agents for Lucien LeLong of Paris.
- Marinello Co. acquired by Inecto, Inc.
- Max Factor begins nationwide distribution of Max Factor cosmetics.
- National Mineral Company (Helene Curtis) established by Gerald Gidwitz and Louis P. Stein.
- Pompeian Manufacturing Company acquired by Colgate & Co.
- Pond’s Extract opens its first foreign plant in Canada.
- Richard Hudnut opens new shop in Paris.
- William Waltke acquired by Procter and Gamble.
- Charles of the Ritz incorporates.
- Coty, Inc. acquires a substantial interest in Marie Earle, Inc.
- Dorothy Gray salon opens in the new Dorothy Gray building.
- Eugène Schueller takes over the company Savons Français (Monsavon).
- Harold F. Ritchie & Co. acquires J. C. Eno Ltd.
- Helena Curtis Industries founded in Chicago.
- Helena Rubinstein sells her American business to Lehman Brothers.
- Kimberly, Clark & Company becomes the Kimberly-Clark Corporation.
- Institute of Electrotherapy opens in Paris by Jeanne Piabert.
- L. Leichner’s, London, Ltd. founded.
- Marie Barlow severs her connections with Celma and forms a new company Barbara Haynes, Inc.
- The C. Nestle Co. and Le Mur Co. merge to form Nestle-Le Mur.
- Northam Warren (Cutex, Elcaya) purchases Odorono Co. and Glazo Co.
- The Palmolive-Peet Co. and Colgate & Co. merge to create the Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company.
- Perfume Associates founded in New York (Duke Laboratories (Nivea) and Lady Esther).
- Potter & Moore become a limited liability company.
- Yardley opens a plant in New Jersey.
- A Bourjois (Paris) and Bourjois (New York) and Woodworth, Inc. merge to form the International Perfume Company, Inc.
- Bristol-Myers Co. acquired by Drug, Inc.
- Coty, Inc. acquires a majority interest in the five European Coty companies.
- Daggett & Ramsdell acquired by the Standard Oil Company.
- Dorothy Gray opens a new Paris salon.
- Dorothy Gray begins radio advertising (U.S.).
- Frederick F. Ingram acquired by Bristol-Myers Co.
- Kirkman & Sons merge with Colgate-Palmolive Peet.
- Klytia Corporation formed (U.S.) to sell products of the Insitut de Beauté of Paris.
- Lesquendieu (including Tussy) acquired by Lehn & Fink.
- Lever Brothers and Dutch Margarine Union merge to form Unilever.
- Lucien Lelong incorporates with Lucien Lelong as the largest shareholder.
- Marinello Company discontinues selling their products through Harold F. Ritchie and Co. and establish their own sales force.
- Neet, Inc. formed to acquire the assets of the Hannibal Pharmacal Company, manufacturers of a depilatory.
- Pacquin Perfumers N. Y. changes their name to Pacquin, Inc.
- Plough Chemical Company changed to Plough, Inc.
- Alexandra de Markoff incorporates in the U.S. and establishes a salon in New York.
- Coty begins radio advertising (U.S.).
- Dorothy Gray opens first European salon in Paris.
- J. S. Kirk acquired by Procter & Gamble.
- Mary Dunhill products introduced into the U.S.
- Northam Warren acquires a substantial interest in Peggy Sage.
- Natone founded by Emanuel Stolaroff (Neutrogena).
- Payot opens salon in Paris.
- Pompeian Co., and Frostilla Co. sold to a consortium comprising of Harold F. Ritchie & Co. and the Shoemaker family, owners of the Frostilla Company.
- Almay Cosmetics (a hypoallergenic cosmetics brand) started by A.B. Cannon (U.S.).
- Beauty Counselors founded in Detroit.
- Bowne & Scott (Scott’s Emulsion) sold to a consortium comprising of Harold F. Ritchie & Co. and the Shoemaker family.
- Helena Rubinstein buys back her American business.
- Lydia O’Leary introduces Covermark.
- Merle Norman started in California.
- Mum Manufacturing Company (makers of Mum) taken over by Bristol-Myers Co, N. Y.
- Parfumerie Ed. Pinaud Paris incorporates as Pinaud S.A.R.L.
- Pond’s opens its first foreign plant in Canada.
- Dana Perfumes Corporation founded (Spain).
- International Laytex Company founded which later became known as International Playtex, Inc.
- Mary Chess founded by Grace Mary Chess Robinson.
- Revlon Nail Enamel Company founded by Charles Revson, Joseph Revson and Charles R. Lachman.
- Dorothy Gray opens salons on the ‘Santa Rosa’ ship of the Grace Line.
- Dunhill opens in New York.
- Pond’s Extract opens first overseas factory in Britain.
- Shulton founded by William Lightfoot Shultz.
- United Drug Company sells Boots to British investors including John Boot.
- Elizabeth Arden opens beauty spa in Maine.
- Lalique severs ties with Coty.
- Shulton, Inc. incorporates.
- Lancôme founded by Armand Petitjean and the d’Ornano brothers.
- Max Factor opens the Max Factor Make-up Studio in Los Angeles.
- Max Factor established in Britain.
- M. Stein Cosmetic Company acquired by Anstin Alexander and Leon Kutzer.
- Ern, Perc, Mont and Wally Westmore establish the House of Westmore in Los Angeles.
- Cyclax of London established in New York.
- Lancôme opens Paris salon.
- Germaine Monteil Cosmetiques Corporation established.
- Helene Winterstein Cosmetics founded by Helene Winterstein Kambersky to market La Bella Nussy waterproof mascara (Austria).
- Hirestra Laboratories, Inc. founded by Robert Rheinstrom.
- Mary Chess opens a London branch.
- Max Factor opens London beauty salon.
- Petalskin Toiletries formed in N. Y.
- Prince Matchabelli sold to D. Lizner & Co. and Parfums Weil Paris.
- Yardley opens London beauty salon in Bond Street.
- Cyclax opens a salon in New York.
- Fabergé, Inc. founded by Samuel Rubin who purchases the brand name from Fabergé et Cie.
- Goya founded by Douglas Collins (U.K.).
- Helena Rubinstein opens new flagship salon in New York.
- J. C. Laboratories change their name to Jacqueline Cochran.
- Max Factor established in France.
- Pompeian Co., Inc. sold to Laco Products, Inc.
- Pond’s Extract begins sponsoring radio programs (U.S.).
- Potter & Moore, Ltd. open new London factory.
- Schiaparelli forms a U.S. company.
- Gala founded (U.K.).
- Glazo, Inc. formed from the purchase of the Glazo manicure line and Elcaya cosmetic line from Northam Warren.
- Gouband of Paris starts in New York.
- Guerlain opens Beauty Institute Institute in Paris.
- McLeans acquired by Beecham.
- Potter & Moore established in the U.S.
- Alfred D. McKelvey Co. founded by Alfred D. McKelvey.
- Beecham acquires County Perfumery Co Ltd, manufacturers of Brylcreem.
- California Perfume Company renamed Avon Products, Inc.
- Charles of the Ritz acquires Doraldina Company.
- Charles of the Ritz forms a new English company, Charles of the Ritz Distributors Ltd., London.
- Coty, Inc. split into a U.S. based company and Coty International based in Panama.
- Pompeian sold to Laco Products, Inc.
- Revlon Nail Enamel Corp. changes its name to Revlon Products Corp.
- Société des Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux renamed as L’Oréal.
- Aziza Eye Cosmetics Co. refounded in New York to market eye make-up.
- Dana Perfumes starts in the U.S.
- F. W. Hampshire & Co Ltd. purchase Mrs Pomeroy Beauty Preparations.
- Max Factor & Co. registers the Max Factor trademark.
- Max Factor established in Canada.
- Benson Storfer and Parfums Corday acquires Katherine Mary Quinlan, Inc. from Pond’s Extract Co.
- Vick Chemical (Vicks vapor rub) acquires Prince Matchabelli and Alfred D. McKelvy Co. (Seaforth).
- Charles Pfizer & Company, Inc. becomes a public company.
- Peggy Sage launched in France.
- Proctor & Gamble creates a drug division to sell its toilet goods.
- Revlon acquires Graef & Schmidt which enables them to make their own manicure and pedicure instruments.
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. acquired by Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
- Max Factor opens New York buying office at 730 fifth Avenue NYC.
- Pepsodent Company acquired by the Lever Brothers Company.
- Toni Corporation founded by R. N. W. Harris.
- Cosmair becomes L’Oréal’s agent in the U.S.
- Lehn & Fink acquires Schulke & Mayr and its worldwide rights for Lysol.
- Courtley, Inc. purchased by Hudnut Sales Co., Inc.
- Elizabeth Arden opens second spa in Arizona.
- Estée Lauder founded by Estée and Joseph Lauder.
- Gala of London incorporates.
- Guillaume d’Ornano establishes Orlane.
- Katherine Mary Quinlan, Inc. acquired by William E. Weiss, Jr. The company will operate under the name Natcor Industries, Inc.
- Lancaster established in Monaco.
- Mary Chess, Inc. purchased by Saunders P. Jones.
- Max Factor & Co. buys Sales Builders, Inc., the distributors of Max Factor.
- National Industries, Inc. becomes Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.
- Vicks Chemical Company purchases Sofskin Co.
- Charles of the Ritz buys Cosmo Chemical Laboratories.
- Colgate-Palmolive-Peet acquires Kay Daumit, Inc. (makers of Lustre Creme shampoo).
- Eylure Cosmetics established by David and Eric Aylott (U.K.).
- Guerlain opens a factory in Colombes to replace the one destroyed in the war.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer acquired by Lever Brothers.
- Henry Brooks buys Alexandra de Markoff Facial Preparations Co.
- Daggert & Ramsdell purchased from Standard Oil Co. by William J. Perridge, Arthur A. J. Weglein, John J. Hardy and Joseph J. Fischler.
- Estée Lauder convinces Sax Fifth Avenue to take her product lines.
- Hazel Bishop, Inc. formed (U.S.).
- Helena Rubinstein opens the House of Gourielli, a salon for men.
- Jacqueline Cochran incorporates.
- Lever Brothers buy Luxor from Armour & Co.
- Revlon opens first foreign factory in Mexico.
- Richard Hudnut purchases Chen Yu, Inc.
- Toni acquired by the Gilette Safety Razor Company.
- Delettez line of beauty products purchased from Universal Laboratories by Associated Brands, Inc.
- Schieffelin & Co. buys Almay, Inc.
Harriet Hubbard Ayer
- Armand Company merged into Weeks & Leo Co.
- Biotherm skin care established.
- Pond’s Extract Company stops distributing its products through Lamont, Corliss and Co. and sets up its own selling organisation.
- Warner & Co. is renamed Warner-Hudnut, Inc.
- Hubert and Michel d’Ornano found Orlane.
- Pond’s Extract sponsors its first television show (U.S.).
- All the subsidiaries of Warnet-Hudnut realigned into newly formed Warner-Hudnut, Inc.
- Biotherm founded by a group of dermatologists from Molitg-Les-Bains.
- The Gillette Safety Razor Co. renamed The Gillette Co.
- The Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company renamed as the Colgate-Palmolive Company.
- Coty, Inc buys a controlling interest in Lucien Lelong, Paris and Lucien Lelong, Inc Chicago. A new corporation Lucien Lelong Co., will conduct operations.
- Lady Esther, Inc. sold to Chesapeake Industries, Inc. for the Lansing Foundation.
- Aziza Eye Cosmetics Co. sold to Mauvel Ltd.
- Clarins founded by Jacques Courtin.
- Coty, Inc. organises Beauty Products, Inc. to distribute Lucien Lelong, Marie Earle and Lily Dache cosmetics in the U.S.
- Cosmair becomes L’Oréal representative in the U.S.
- Harriet Hubbard Ayer, Inc. sold by Lever Brothers to Nestle-LeMur Co.
- Lady Esther, Inc. acquired by Zonite Products Corp. from the Lansing Foundation.
- Mary Chess takes over distribution of Peggy Sage in the United States.
- Max Factor starts manufacturing in India.
- Chesebrough Manufacturing Company merges with Pond’s Extract Company to form Chesebrough-Pond’s.
- Daggett & Ramsdell, Inc. take over the manufacture, sale and distribution of Primrose House cosmetics.
- Fabergé, Inc. buys Julliette Marglen, Inc. manufacturers of nail care preparations.
- Lakmé Cosmetics launched in India with talcum powder and lipsticks.
- Lee Ltd. buys the Courtley line of men’s toiletries from the Warner Lambert Pharmaceutical Co., Inc.
- Max Factor establishes a Pharmaceutical division.
- Milkmaid, Inc. acquired by Harriet Hubbard Ayer, Inc.
- Revlon sponsors the television program ‘The $64,000 Question’.
- Revlon renamed as Revlon, Inc. and goes public.
- Warner-Hudnut merges with Lambert Pharmacal to form the Warner-Lambert Pharmaceutical Company.
- Zonite Products Corporation changes to Chemway Corporation.
- Lehn & Fink acquire Ogilvie sisters.
- Lenthéric and King’s Men Toiletries acquired by Helen Curtis Industries.
- Max Factor establishes the Project Development Division for the creation of new products.
- Max Factor acquires Sales Builders, Inc.
- Peggy Sage, Inc. assumes distribution of their products previously distributed by Mary Chess, Inc.
- Revlon Products Corp. launches new drug division.
- Plough, Inc. buys Coppertone Sales Co. of Miami.
- Shiseido begins international operations.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Prince Matchabelli and Simonette perfumes and cosmetics, Seaforth and Black Watch men’s toiletries and Sofskin hand creams from Vicks Chemical Co.
- Ingram Menthol Co. established by James Field. Acquires the Ingram name and goodwill from Bristol-Myers.
- International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. (IFF) formed from merger between Polak & Schwarz and van Ameringen-Haebler.
- Mary Chess, Inc. buys Parfums Schiaparelli.
- Max Factor merges Pharmaceutical Specialties Division and the U.S. Cosmetics Division.
- Plough, Inc. acquires Lanotan, Inc.
- Revlon, Inc acquires Schick, Inc.
- Amway Corporation founded.
- Avon enters the British market.
- Bristol-Myers acquires Clairol.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s, Inc. acquires Aziza Eye Cosmetics Division of Mauvel Ltd.
- Colgate-Palmolive Co. purchases Wildroot Co.
- Gala of London starts manufacturing in India.
- International Federation of Societies of Cosmetic Chemists (IFSCC) formed with deNavarre as President.
- L’Oréal opens first international subsidiary in Brazil.
- Bourjois, Inc. acquires Helene Pessl, Inc.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquires Northam Warren (makers of Cutex).
- Goya Ltd. bought by Reckitt & Colman Ltd.
- Revlon acquires Les Parfums Pierre Balmain S.A. Paris.
- Studio Girl acquired by Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.
- Charles of the Ritz becomes a public company.
- Germaine Monteil becomes available in the U.K.
- Hazel Bishop, Inc. and Lanolin Plus merge to form Bishop Industries.
- Helena Curtis enters U.K. market.
- Leeming and Pacquin taken over by Charles Pfizer.
- Max Factor acquires Parfums Corday, Inc.
- Max Factor becomes a public company and lists on the New York Stock Exchange.
- Redken Laboratories, Inc. launched by Paula Kent Meeham.
- Braun becomes Braun AG, a publicly traded company.
- Daggett & Ramsdell, Inc. sold to Exquisite Form Industries, Inc.
- Innoxa opens first beauty salon abroad in Cyprus.
- Mary Chess, Inc. acquires Seaforth from Chesebrough-Pond’s
- Natone renamed Neutrogena Corporation.
- Revlon begins selling in Japan.
- American Cyanamid acquires Breck.
- ChapStick rights sold to A. H. Robbins Company.
- Coty and Coty International acquired by Chas. Pfizer & Co.
- Lanvin acquires Jean Nate.
- L’Oréal lists on the Paris stock exchange.
- Mary Dunhill Ltd. becomes Dunhill Toiletries Ltd.
- René Guinot establishes René Guinot Company (France).
- Charles of the Ritz merges with Lanvin to form Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc.
- Fabergé, Inc sold to Rayette, Inc. which changed its name to Rayette-Fabergé, Inc
- International Flavors & Fragrances (I.F.F.) becomes a public company.
- L’Oréal acquires Lancôme.
- Nestle-LeMur Co. buys Seaforth from Mary Chess, Inc.
- Beecham acquires Margaret Astor.
- Lancôme, acquired by L’Oréal.
- L’Oréal acquires Garnier.
- Richards & Appleby Ltd. appointed as distributors of Maybelline.
- House of Westmore Hollywood beauty salon closes.
- Noxzema changes its name to Noxell Corporation.
- Revlon acquires the U.S. Vitamin & Pharmaceutical Corporation.
- Sterling acquires Lehr & Fink.
- Beecham acquires Lancaster.
- P. Beiersdorf & Co. AG changes its name to Beiersdorf AG.
- Braun acquired by Gillette.
- Maybelline acquired by Plough, Inc.
- Yardley bought by British American Tobacco.
- Max Factor acquires the Denver Chemical Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Connecticut.
- S.A.FAD (French subsidiary of Dunhill) acquires Les Parfums de Molyneux S.A.
- Germain Monteil acquired by British American Tobacco.
- Orlane acquired by Morton-Norwich.
- Rayette-Fabergé, Inc renamed as Fabergé, Inc.
- Andrew Jergens acquired by American Brands.
- British American Tobacco (B.A.T.) creates cosmetic division, British American Cosmetics (BAC).
- Charles Pfizer & Company is renamed Pfizer, Inc.
- Cyclax acquired by Lehman Brothers on behalf of private investors.
- Les Parfums de Molyneux S.A. sold by S.A.F.A.D.
- L’Oréal acquires Biotherm.
- Revlon acquires Mitchum Company of Tennessee, makers of antiperspirants and other toiletries.
- Shulton acquired by American Cyanamid.
- Warner-Lambert acquires Schick and Parke, Davis.
- Elizabeth Arden acquired by Eli Lilly.
- Charles of the Ritz acquired by Squibb.
- Gala of London acquired by Smith & Nephew.
- Plough merges with Schering to become the Schering-Plough Corporation.
- Rimmel acquired by I.T.T. from Carlton Industries.
- Smith & Nephew acquires the Myram Picker Group (Gala, Outdoor Girl, Miners Mary Quant).
- Guinot acquired by Jean-Daniel Mondin.
- Coty and Coty International unite.
- Gemey acquired by L’Oréal.
- Dunhill acquires controlling interest in Richards & Appleby Ltd.
- Guerlain opens a new factory in Chartes.
- Helena Rubinstein, Inc. acquired by Colgate-Palmolive.
- Jafra Cosmetics acquired by Gillette.
- Max Factor merges with Norton Simon, Inc.
- L’Oréal signs agreement with Nestlé.
- Hazel Bishop becomes a division of Toiletry Products of America.
- Anita Roddick opens the first Body Shop in Brighton, U.K.
- Dunhill opens new cosmetics and toiletries factory in Lancashire.
- Ricils acquired by L’Oréal who attaches it to Gemey.
- Rimmel U.K. acquired by Schering-Plough.
- Colgate-Palmolive sells Helena Rubinstein to Albi Enterprises, Inc.
- Shiseido begins marketing cosmetics in China.
- Almay cosmetics acquired by Playtex International.
- Norton Simon (includes Max Factor) acquired by Esmark. Esmark then merged with Beatrice Foods. Max Factor put into the Playtex beauty division.
- British American Cosmetics acquired by Beecham.
- Fabergé, Inc. sold to McGregor Corp.
- Kao enters the cosmetics market (Sofina cosmetics).
- Richardson-Vicks (maker of personal health care products including Pantene, Olay and Vicks respiratory care) acquired by Procter & Gamble.
- Revlon acquired by Pantry Pride, a subsidiary of MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings and becomes a private company.
- Chesebrough-Pond’s acquired by Unilever.
- Elizabeth Arden Company acquired by Fabergé, Inc.
- Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc. acquired by Yves Saint Laurent.
- Revlon acquires the Playtex beauty division (includes Max Factor).
- Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc. acquired by Revlon.
- Andrew Jergens acquired by Kao.
- Rigaud acquired by Perigot Limited.
- Sterling Drug acquired by Eastman Kodak.
- Yves Saint Laurent fragrances and cosmetics, Charles of the Ritz, Germaine Monteil, and Alexandre de Markoff acquired by Revlon.
- Beechman merges with SmithKline to form SmithKline Beecham.
- Betrix, a German make-up and fragrance maker acquired by Revlon.
- Helena Rubinstein (U.S.) acquired by L’Oréal.
- Kao gains controlling interest in Goldwell GmbH.
- Procter & Gamble acquires Noxell which includes Cover Girl.
- Unlever acquires Calvin Klein Cosmetics, Fabergé, Rimmel and Elizabeth Arden.
- Beiersdorf acquires Juvena.
- Maybelline, Yardley, Cyclax, Monteil and Lenthéric acquired by the investor group Wasserstein Perella & Co. from Schering-Plough and SmithKline Beecham.
- Old Spice toiletries acquired from Shulton (American Cyanamid) by Procter & Gamble.
- Beiersdorf acquires La Prairie.
- Max Factor and Betrix acquired by Procter & Gamble from Revlon. Max Factor products will be removed from the U.S. due to poor sales.
- Colgate-Palmolive acquires Mennen.
- Coty and Quintessence acquired by Joh. A. Benckiser GmbH (German household-products giant) from Pfizer.
- Unilever establishes the Prestige Personal Products Group, which included Elizabeth Arden Co. and Calvin Klein.
- Benckiser GmbH merges Coty with Quintessence, Inc.
- Estée Lauder signs a global licensing agreement with designer Tommy Hilfiger.
- L’Oréal acquires Redken 5th Avenue.
- Warner-Lambert acquires Wilkinson Sword.
- Guerlain acwuired by Möet Hennessy Louis Vuitton (L.V.M.H.).
- Estée Lauder acquires majority equity interest in Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (MAC).
- Neutrogena acquired by Johnson & Johnson.
- Quintessence (owners of Jovan and Aspen) acquired by Coty U.S.
- Estée Lauder becomes a public company.
- Estée Lauder acquires Bobbi Brown, luxury skin care brand La Mer, and signs a global licensing agreement with Kiton, an Italian fashion house, for beauty products.
- Lehn & Fink acquired by Reckitt & Colman from Eastman Kodak.
- Peggy Sage purchased by Collomb family.
- Coty renamed Coty Beauty (Benckiser).
- Coty Beauty acquires Unilever’s European make-up brands including Rimmel.
- Helene Curtis acquired by Unilever.
- Maybelline acquired by L’Oréal U.S.A.
- Revlon becomes a public company again.
- Cutex acquired by Carson, Inc. from Unilever.
- Estée Lauder signs a licensing agreement with American fashion designer Donna Karan, acquires Aveda Corporation and jane, a make-up brand.
- Proctor & Gamble acquire Tambrands (Tampax).
- Estée Lauder completes acquisition of Make-up Art Cosmetics Ltd. (MAC).
- L’Oréal acquires SoftSheen for ethnic hair-types.
- Playtex acquires Personal Care Holdings which includes Dorothy Gray and Tussy.
- Estée Lauder acquires Stila Cosmetics, Inc.
- Coty introduces Rimmel make-up line into the U.S.
- Cutex nail polish remover business acquired by the investment firm the Shansby Group.
- Cyclax acquired by Richards & Appleby Ltd.
Updated: 19th April 2013
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